Comparative Table of R.A. 10951 and RPC provisions

September 14, 2017 | Author: Dei Gonzaga | Category: Treason, Forgery, Crime & Justice, Crimes, Fine (Penalty)
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Table of provisions under the Revised Penal Code which were amended by R.A. No. 10951...

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Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

BOOK ONE Title One FELONIES AND CIRCUMSTANCES WHICH AFFECT CRIMINAL LIABILITY Chapter One FELONIES Art.

Revised Penal Code

R.A. No. 10951

9. Grave felonies, less grave felonies and light felonies. — xxx

Grave felonies, less grave felonies and light felonies. —

xxx

xxx

Light felonies are those infractions of law for the commission of which a penalty of arresto menor or a fine not exceeding 200 pesos or both, is provided.

xxx

Light felonies are those infractions of law for the commission of which a penalty of arresto menor or a fine not exceeding Forty thousand pesos (P40,000) or both, is provided.

Title Three PENALTIES Chapter Two CLASSIFICATION OF PENALTIES Art.

Revised Penal Code

26. When afflictive, correctional, or light penalty. — A fine, whether imposed as a single or as an alternative penalty, shall be considered an afflictive penalty, if it exceeds 6,000 pesos; a correctional penalty, if it does not exceed 6,000 pesos but is not less than 200 pesos; and a light penalty if it less than 200 pesos.

R.A. No. 10951 When afflictive, correctional, or light penalty. — A fine, whether imposed as a single or as an alternative penalty, shall be considered an afflictive penalty, if it exceeds one million two hundred thousand pesos (P1,200,000); a correctional penalty, if it does not exceed one million two hundred thousand pesos (P1,200,000) but is not less than forty thousand pesos (P40,000); and a light penalty if it less than forty thousand pesos (P40,000).

BOOK TWO Title One CRIMES AGAINST NATIONAL SECURITY AND LAW OF NATIONS Chapter One CRIMES AGAINST NATIONAL SECURITY Section One. — Treason and espionage Art.

Revised Penal Code

R.A. No. 10951

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

114. Treason. — Any Filipino citizen who levies war against the Philippines or adheres to her enemies, giving them aid or comfort within the Philippine Islands or elsewhere, shall be punished by reclusión perpetua to death and shall pay a fine not to exceed P100,000 pesos.

Treason. — Any Filipino citizen who levies war against the Philippines or adheres to her enemies, giving them aid or comfort within the Philippine Islands or elsewhere, shall be punished by reclusión perpetua to death and shall pay a fine not to exceed Four million pesos (P4,000,000).

xxx

xxx

Likewise, an alien, residing in the Philippines, who commits acts of treason as defined in paragraph 1 of this Article shall be punished by reclusión temporal to death and shall pay a fine not to exceed P100,000 pesos. (As amended by Sec. 2, R.A. NO. 7659).

Likewise, an alien, residing in the Philippines, who commits acts of treason as defined in paragraph 1 of this Article shall be punished by reclusión temporal to death and shall pay a fine not to exceed Four million pesos (P4,000,000).

115. Conspiracy and proposal to commit treason; Penalty. — The conspiracy or proposal to commit the crime of treason shall be punished respectively, by prisión mayor and a fine not exceeding 10,000 pesos, and by prisión correccional and a fine not exceeding 5,000 pesos.

Conspiracy and proposal to commit treason; Penalty. — The conspiracy or proposal to commit the crime of treason shall be punished respectively, by prisión mayor and a fine not exceeding Two million pesos (P2,000,000), and by prisión correccional and a fine not exceeding one million pesos (P1,000,000).

Title Two CRIMES AGAINST THE FUNDAMENTAL LAWS OF THE STATE Chapter One ARBITRARY DETENTION OR EXPULSION, VIOLATION OF DWELLING, PROHIBITION, INTERRUPTION, AND DISSOLUTION OF PEACEFUL MEETINGS AND CRIMES AGAINST RELIGIOUS WORSHIP Section Two. — Violation of domicile Art.

Revised Penal Code

129. Search warrants maliciously obtained and abuse in the service of those legally obtained. — In addition to the liability attaching to the offender for the commission of any other offense, the penalty of arresto mayor in its maximum period to prisión correccional in its minimum period and a fine not exceeding 1,000 pesos shall be imposed upon any public officer or employee who shall procure a search warrant without just cause,

R.A. No. 10951 Search warrants maliciously obtained and abuse in the service of those legally obtained. — In addition to the liability attaching to the offender for the commission of any other offense, the penalty of arresto mayor in its maximum period to prisión correccional in its minimum period and a fine not exceeding Two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000) shall be imposed upon any public officer or employee who shall procure a search warrant

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

or, having legally procured the same, shall exceed his authority or use unnecessary severity in executing the same.

without just cause, or, having legally procured the same, shall exceed his authority or use unnecessary severity in executing the same

Title Three CRIMES AGAINST PUBLIC ORDER Chapter One REBELLION, SEDITION AND DISLOYALTY Art.

Revised Penal Code

R.A. No. 10951

136. Conspiracy and proposal to commit coup d'etat, rebellion or insurrection. — The conspiracy and proposal to commit coup d'etat shall be punished by prisión mayor in its minimum period and a fine which shall not exceed eight thousand pesos (P8,000.00).

Conspiracy and proposal to commit coup d'etat, rebellion or insurrection. — The conspiracy and proposal to commit coup d'etat shall be punished by prisión mayor in its minimum period and a fine which shall not exceed One million pesos (P1,000,000).

The conspiracy and proposal to commit rebellion or insurrection shall be punished respectively, by prisión correccional in its maximum period and a fine which shall not exceed five thousand pesos (P5,000.00) and by prisión correccional in its medium period and a fine not exceeding two thousand pesos (P2,000.00). (As amended by R.A. 6968)

The conspiracy and proposal to commit rebellion or insurrection shall be punished respectively, by prisión correccional in its maximum period and a fine which shall not exceed One million pesos (P1,000,000) and by prisión correccional in its medium period and a fine not exceeding Four hundred thousand pesos (P400,000).

140. Penalty for sedition. — The leader of a sedition shall suffer the penalty of prisión mayor in its minimum period and a fine not exceeding 10,000 pesos.

Penalty for sedition. — The leader of a sedition shall suffer the penalty of prisión mayor in its minimum period and a fine not exceeding Two million pesos (P2,000,000).

Other persons participating therein shall suffer the penalty of prisión correccional in its maximum period and a fine not exceeding 5,000 pesos. (Reinstated by E.O. No. 187)

Other persons participating therein shall suffer the penalty of prisión correccional in its maximum period and a fine not exceeding One million pesos (P1,000,000).

141. Conspiracy to commit sedition. — Persons conspiring to commit the crime of sedition shall be punished by prisión correccional in its medium period and a fine not exceeding 2,000 pesos. (Reinstated by E.O. No. 187).

Conspiracy to commit sedition. — Persons conspiring to commit the crime of sedition shall be punished by prisión correccional in its medium period and a fine not exceeding four hundred thousand pesos (P400,000).

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

142. Inciting to sedition. — The penalty of prisión correccional in its maximum period and a fine not exceeding 2,000 pesos shall be imposed upon any person who, without taking any direct part in the crime of sedition, should incite others to the accomplishment of any of the acts which constitute sedition, by means of speeches, proclamations, writings, emblems, cartoons, banners, or other representations tending to the same end, or upon any person or persons who shall utter seditious words or speeches, write, publish, or circulate scurrilous libels against the Government of the Philippines, or any of the duly constituted authorities thereof, which tend to disturb or obstruct any lawful officer in executing the functions of his office; or which tend to instigate others to cabal and meet together for unlawful purposes; or which suggest or incite rebellious conspiracies or riots; or which lead or tend to stir up the people against the lawful authorities; or to disturb the peace of the community, the safety and order of the government, or who shall knowingly conceal such evil practices.

Inciting to sedition. — The penalty of prisión correccional in its maximum period and a fine not exceeding Four hundred thousand pesos (P400,000) shall be imposed upon any person who, x x x.

Title Three CRIMES AGAINST PUBLIC ORDER Chapter Two CRIMES AGAINST POPULAR REPRESENTATION Section One. — Crimes against legislative bodies and similar bodies Art.

Revised Penal Code

143. Acts tending to prevent the meeting of the Assembly and similar bodies. — The penalty of prisión correccional or a fine ranging from 200 to 2,000 pesos, or both, shall be imposed upon any person who, by force or fraud, prevents the meeting of the Congress or of any of its committees or subcommittees, constitutional commissions or committees or divisions thereof, or of any provincial board or city or municipal council or board.

R.A. No. 10951 Acts tending to prevent the meeting of the Assembly and similar bodies. — The penalty of prisión correccional or a fine ranging from Forty thousand pesos (P40,000) to Four hundred thousand pesos (P400,000) or both, shall be imposed upon any person who, x x x.

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

(Reinstated by E.O. No. 187). 144. Disturbance of Proceedings. — The penalty of arresto mayor or a fine from 200 to 1,000 pesos shall be imposed upon any person who disturbs the meeting of the Congress or of any of its committees or subcommittees, constitutional commissions or committees or divisions thereof, or of any provincial board or city or municipal council or board, or in the presence of such bodies should behave in such manner as to interrupt its proceeding or to impair the respect due to it. (Reinstated by E.O. No. 187).

Disturbance of Proceedings. — The penalty of arresto mayor or a fine from Forty thousand pesos (P40,000) to Two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000) shall be imposed upon any person who disturbs the meetings of Congress or of any of its committees x x x.

Title Three CRIMES AGAINST PUBLIC ORDER Chapter Three ILLEGAL ASSEMBLIES AND ASSOCIATIONS Art.

Revised Penal Code

147. Illegal Associations. — The penalty of prisión correccional in its minimum and medium periods and a fine not exceeding 1,000 pesos shall be imposed upon the founders, directors, and presidents of associations totally or partially organized for the purpose of committing any of the crimes punishable under this Code or for some purpose contrary to public morals. Mere members of said associations shall suffer the penalty of arresto mayor.

R.A. No. 10951 Illegal Associations. — The penalty of prisión correccional in its minimum and medium periods and a fine not exceeding Two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000) shall be imposed x x x.

Title Three CRIMES AGAINST PUBLIC ORDER Chapter Four ASSAULT UPON, AND RESISTANCE AND DISOBEDIENCE TO PERSONS IN AUTHORITY AND THEIR AGENTS Art.

Revised Penal Code

148. Direct Assaults. — Any person or persons who, without a public uprising, shall employ force or intimidation for the attainment of any of the purposes enumerated in defining the crimes of rebellion and sedition, or shall attack, employ force or seriously intimidate or

R.A. No. 10951 Direct Assaults. — Any person or persons who, x x x shall suffer the penalty of prisión correccional in its medium and maximum periods and a fine not exceeding Two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000), when the assault is committed with a weapon or when the offender is a

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

resist any person in authority or any of his agents, while engaged in the performance of official duties, or on occasion of such performance, shall suffer the penalty of prisión correccional in its medium and maximum periods and a fine not exceeding 1,000 pesos, when the assault is committed with a weapon or when the offender is a public officer or employee, or when the offender lays hands upon a person in authority. If none of these circumstances be present, the penalty of prisión correccional in its minimum period and a fine not exceeding 500 pesos shall be imposed.

public officer or employee, or when the offender lays hands upon a person in authority. If none of these circumstances be present, the penalty of prisión correccional in its minimum period and a fine not exceeding One hundred thousand pesos (P100,000) shall be imposed.

149. Indirect Assaults. — The penalty of prisión correccional in its minimum and medium periods and a fine not exceeding 500 pesos shall be imposed upon any person who shall make use of force or intimidation upon any person coming to the aid of the authorities or their agents on occasion of the commission of any of the crimes defined in the next preceding article.

Indirect Assaults. — The penalty of prisión correccional in its minimum and medium periods and a fine not exceeding One hundred thousand pesos (P100,000) shall be imposed upon any person who shall make use of force or intimidation upon any person coming to the aid of the authorities or their agents on occasion of the commission of any of the crimes defined in the next preceding article.

150. Disobedience to Summons Issued by Congress, its committees or subcommittees, by the Constitutional Commissions, its committees, subcommittees or divisions. — The penalty of arresto mayor or a fine ranging from 200 to 1,000 pesos, or both such fine and imprisonment, shall be imposed upon any person who, having been duly summoned to attend as a witness before Congress, its special or standing committees and subcommittees, the Constitutional Commissions and its committees, subcommittees, or divisions, or before any commission or committee chairman or member authorized to summon witnesses, refuses, without legal excuse, to obey such summons, or being present before any such legislative or constitutional body or official, refuses to be sworn or placed under affirmation or to answer any legal inquiry or to produce any

Disobedience to Summons Issued by Congress, its committees or subcommittees, by the Constitutional Commissions, its committees, subcommittees or divisions. — The penalty of arresto mayor or a fine ranging from Forty thousand (P40,000) to Two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000), x x x .

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

books, papers, documents, or records in his possession, when required by them to do so in the exercise of their functions. The same penalty shall be imposed upon any person who shall restrain another from attending as a witness, or who shall induce disobedience to a summons or refusal to be sworn by any such body or official. (As amended by Com. Act No. 52) 151. Resistance and Disobedience to a Person in Authority or the Agents of Such Person. — The penalty of arresto mayor and a fine not exceeding 500 pesos shall be imposed upon any person who not being included in the provisions of the preceding articles shall resist or seriously disobey any person in authority, or the agents of such person, while engaged in the performance of official duties.

Resistance and Disobedience to a Person in Authority or the Agents of Such Person. — The penalty of arresto mayor and a fine not exceeding One hundred thousand pesos (P100,000) shall be imposed x x x.

When the disobedience to an agent of a person in authority is not of a serious nature, the penalty of arresto menor or a fine ranging from Two thousand pesos When the disobedience to an agent (P2,000) to Twenty thousand of a person in authority is not of a pesos (P20,000) shall be imposed serious nature, the penalty of upon the offender. arresto menor or a fine ranging from 10 to 100 pesos shall be imposed upon the offender. Title Three CRIMES AGAINST PUBLIC ORDER Chapter Five PUBLIC DISORDERS

Art.

Revised Penal Code

153. Tumults and Other Disturbances of Public Orders; Tumultuous Disturbance or Interruption Liable to Cause Disturbance. — The penalty of arresto mayor in its medium period to prisión correccional in its minimum period and a fine not exceeding 1,000 pesos shall be imposed upon any person who shall cause any serious disturbance in a public place, office, or establishment, or shall interrupt or disturb public performances, functions or gatherings, or peaceful meetings, if the act is not included in the provisions of articles 131 and 132.

R.A. No. 10951 Tumults and Other Disturbances of Public Orders; Tumultuous Disturbance or Interruption Liable to Cause Disturbance. — The penalty of arresto mayor in its medium period to prisión correccional in its minimum period and a fine not exceeding Two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000) shall be imposed upon any person who shall cause any serious disturbance x x x. xxx

xxx

xxx

The penalty of arresto menor and a fine not to exceed Forth thousand pesos (P40,000) shall be imposed

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

The penalty next higher in degree shall be imposed upon persons causing any disturbance or interruption of a tumultuous character.

upon those persons who in violation of the provisions contained in the last clause of article 85 shall bury with pomp the body of a person who has been legally executed.

The disturbance or interruption shall be deemed to be tumultuous if caused by more than three persons who are armed or provided with means of violence. The penalty of arresto mayor shall be imposed upon any person who in any meeting, association, or public place, shall make any outcry tending to incite rebellion or sedition or in such place shall display placards or emblems which provoke a disturbance of the public order. The penalty of arresto menor and a fine not to exceed 200 pesos shall be imposed upon those persons who in violation of the provisions contained in the last clause of article 85 shall bury with pomp the body of a person who has been legally executed. 154. Unlawful Use of Means of Publication and Unlawful Utterances. — The penalty of arresto mayor and a fine ranging from 200 to 1,000 pesos shall be imposed upon:

Unlawful Use of Means of Publication and Unlawful Utterances. — The penalty of arresto mayor and a fine ranging from Forty thousand pesos (P40,000) to Two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000) shall 1. Any person who by means of be imposed upon: x x x. printing, lithography, or any other means of publication, shall maliciously publish as news any false news which may endanger the public order or cause damage to the interest or credit of the State; 2. Any person who by the same means, or by words, utterances or speeches, shall encourage disobedience to the law or to the constituted authorities or praise, justify or extol any act punished by law; 3. Any person who shall maliciously publish or cause to be published any official resolution or document without proper authority, or before they have been

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

published officially; or 4. Any person who shall print, publish, or distribute or cause to be printed, published, or distributed books, pamphlets, periodicals, or leaflets which do not bear the real printer’s name, or which are classified as anonymous. (As amended by Com. Act No. 202) 155. Alarms and Scandals. — The penalty of arresto menor or fine not exceeding 200 pesos shall be imposed upon:

Alarms and Scandals. — The penalty of arresto menor or fine not exceeding Forty thousand pesos (P40,000) shall be imposed upon: x x x.

1. Any person who within any town or public place, shall discharge any firearm, rocket, firecracker, or other explosives calculated to cause alarm or danger; 2. Any person who shall instigate or take an active part in any charivari or other disorderly meeting offensive to another or prejudicial to public tranquility; 3. Any person who, while wandering about at night or while engaged in any other nocturnal amusements, shall disturb the public peace; or 4. Any person who, while intoxicated or otherwise, shall cause any disturbance or scandal in public places, provided that the circumstances of the case shall not make the provisions of article 153 applicable. Title Four CRIMES AGAINST PUBLIC INTEREST Chapter One FORGERIES Section Two. – Counterfeiting Coins Art.

Revised Penal Code

163. Making and Importing and Uttering False Coins. — Any person who makes, imports, or utters, false coins, in connivance with counterfeiters, or importers, shall suffer:

R.A. No. 10951 Making and Importing and Uttering False Coins. — Any person who makes, imports, or utters false coins, in connivance with counterfeiters or importers, shall suffer:

1. Prisión mayor in its minimum 1. Prisión mayor in its minimum

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

and medium periods and a fine not to exceed P10,000 pesos, if the counterfeited coin be silver coin of the Philippines or coin of the Central Bank of the Philippines of ten centavo denomination or above. 2. Prisión correccional in its minimum and medium periods and a fine of not to exceed P2,000 pesos, if the counterfeited coins be any of the minor coinage of the Philippines or of the Central Bank of the Philippines below ten-centavo denomination.

and medium periods and a fine not to exceed Four hundred thousand (P400,000) pesos, if the counterfeited coins be any of the coinage of the Philippines. 2. Prisión correccional in its minimum and a fine of not to exceed Two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000), if the counterfeited coin be currency of a foreign country.

3. Prision correccional in its minimum period and a fine not to exceed P1,000 pesos, if the counterfeited coin be currency of a foreign country. (As amended by R.A. No. 4202, approved June 19, 1965). 164. Mutilation of coins; Importation and utterance of mutilated coins. — The penalty of prisión correccional in its minimum period and a fine not to exceed P2,000 pesos shall be imposed upon any person who shall mutilate coins of the legal currency of the Philippines or import or utter mutilated current coins, or in connivance with mutilators or importers.

Mutilation of coins; Importation and utterance of mutilated coins. — The penalty of prisión correccional in its minimum period and a fine not to exceed Four hundred thousand pesos (P400,000) shall be imposed upon any person who shall mutilate coins of the legal currency of the Philippines or import or utter mutilated current coins, or in connivance with mutilators or importers.

Title Four CRIMES AGAINST PUBLIC INTEREST Chapter One FORGERIES Section Three. — Forging treasury or bank notes, obligations and securities; importing and uttering false or forged notes, obligations and securities. Art.

Revised Penal Code

166. Forging treasury or bank notes on other documents payable to bearer; importing, and uttering such false or forged notes and documents. — The forging or falsification of treasury or bank notes or certificates or other obligations and securities payable to bearer and the

R.A. No. 10951 Forging treasury or bank notes on other documents payable to bearer; importing, and uttering such false or forged notes and documents. — The forging or falsification of treasury or bank notes or certificates or other obligations and securities payable to bearer and the

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

importation and uttering in connivance with forgers or importers of such false or forged obligations or notes, shall be punished as follows:

importation and uttering in connivance with forgers or importers of such false or forged obligations or notes, shall be punished as follows:

1. By reclusión temporal in its minimum period and a fine not to exceed P10,000 pesos, if the document which has been falsified, counterfeited, or altered, is an obligation or security of the Philippines.

1. By reclusión temporal in its minimum period and a fine not to exceed Two million pesos (P2,000,000), if the document which has been falsified, counterfeited, or altered, is an obligation or security of the Philippines.

The word ―obligation or security of the Philippines‖ shall be held to mean all bonds, certificates of indebtedness, national bank notes, coupons, Philippine notes, treasury notes, fractional notes, certificates of deposit, bills, checks, or drafts for money, drawn by or upon authorized officers of the Philippines, and other representatives of value, of whatever denomination, which have been or may be issued under any act of the Congress. 2. By prisión mayor in its maximum period and a fine not to exceed P5,000 pesos, if the falsified or altered document is a circulating note issued by any banking association duly authorized by law to issue the same. 3. By prisión mayor in its medium period and a fine not to exceed P5,000 pesos, if the falsified or counterfeited document was issued by a foreign government.

The words ―obligation or security of the Philippines‖ shall mean all bonds, certificates of indebtedness, national bank notes, coupons, Philippine notes, treasury notes, fractional notes, certificates of deposit, bills, checks, or drafts for money, drawn by or upon authorized officers of the Philippines, and other representatives of value, of whatever denomination, which have been or may be issued under any act of the Congress. 2. By prisión mayor in its maximum period and a fine not to exceed One million pesos (P1,000,000), if the falsified or altered document is a circulating note issued by any banking association duly authorized by law to issue the same.

3. By prisión mayor in its medium period and a fine not to exceed One million pesos (P1,000,000), if the falsified or counterfeited document was issued by a foreign 4. By prisión mayor in its government. minimum period and a fine not to exceed P2,000 pesos, when the 4. By prisión mayor in its forged or altered document is a minimum period and a fine not to circulating note or bill issued by a exceed Four hundred thousand foreign bank duly authorized pesos (P400,000), when the forged therefor. or altered document is a circulating note or bill issued by a foreign bank duly authorized therefor. 167. Counterfeiting, importing and uttering instruments not payable to bearer. — Any person who shall forge, import or utter, in connivance with the forgers or

Counterfeiting, importing and uttering instruments not payable to bearer. — Any person who shall forge, import or utter, in connivance with the forgers or

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

importers, any instrument payable to order or other document of credit not payable to bearer, shall suffer the penalties of prisión correccional in its medium and maximum periods and a fine not exceeding P6,000 pesos.

importers, any instrument payable to order or other document of credit not payable to bearer, shall suffer the penalties of prisión correccional in its medium and maximum periods and a fine not exceeding One million two hundred thousand (P1,200,000) pesos.

Title Four CRIMES AGAINST PUBLIC INTEREST Chapter One FORGERIES Section Four. — Falsification of legislative, public, commercial, and Private documents, and wireless, telegraph, and telephone message Art.

Revised Penal Code

R.A. No. 10951

170. Falsification of legislative documents. — The penalty of prisión correccional in its maximum period and a fine not exceeding P6,000 pesos shall be imposed upon any person who, without proper authority therefor alters any bill, resolution, or ordinance enacted or approved or pending approval by either House of the Congress or any provincial board or municipal council.

Falsification of legislative documents. — The penalty of prisión correccional in its maximum period and a fine not exceeding One million two hundred thousand pesos (P1,200,000) shall be imposed upon any person who, without proper authority therefor alters any bill, resolution, or ordinance enacted or approved or pending approval by either House of the Congress or any provincial board or municipal council.

171. Falsification by public officer, employee or notary or ecclesiastic minister. — The penalty of prisión mayor and a fine not to exceed P5,000 pesos shall be imposed upon any public officer, employee, or notary who, taking advantage of his official position, shall falsify a document by committing any of the following acts:

Falsification by public officer, employee or notary or ecclesiastic minister. — The penalty of prisión mayor and a fine not to exceed One million pesos (P1,000,000) shall be imposed upon any public officer, employee, or notary who, taking advantage of his official position, shall falsify a document by committing any of the following acts: x x x

1. Counterfeiting or imitating any handwriting, signature or rubric; 2. Causing it to appear that persons have participated in any act or proceeding when they did not in fact so participate; 3. Attributing to persons who have participated in an act or proceeding statements other than those in fact made by them;

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

4. Making untruthful statements in a narration of facts; 5. Altering true dates; 6. Making any intercalation in document which meaning;

alteration or a genuine changes its

7. Issuing in an authenticated form a document purporting to be a copy of an original document when no such original exists, or including in such a copy a statement contrary to, or different from, that of the genuine original; or 8. Intercalating any instrument or note relative to the issuance thereof in a protocol, registry, or official book. The same penalty shall be imposed upon any ecclesiastical minister who shall commit any of the offenses enumerated in the preceding paragraphs of this article, with respect to any record or document of such character that its falsification may affect the civil status of persons. 172. Falsification by private individual and use of falsified documents. — The penalty of prisión correccional in its medium and maximum periods and a fine of not more than P5,000 pesos shall be imposed upon: 1. Any private individual who shall commit any of the falsifications enumerated in the next preceding article in any public or official document or letter of exchange or any other kind of commercial document; 2. Any person who, to the damage of a third party, or with the intent to cause such damage, shall in any private document commit any of the acts of falsification enumerated in the next preceding article; and 3. Any person who shall knowingly

Falsification by private individual and use of falsified documents. — The penalty of prisión correccional in its medium and maximum periods and a fine of not more than One million pesos (P1,000,000) shall be imposed upon: x x x.

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

introduce in evidence in any judicial proceeding or to the damage of another or who, with the intent to cause such damage, shall use any of the false documents embraced in the next preceding article, or in any of the foregoing subdivisions of this article, shall be punished by the penalty next lower in degree. Title Four CRIMES AGAINST PUBLIC INTEREST Chapter One FORGERIES Section Five. — Falsification of medical certificates, certificates of merit or services and the like. Art.

Revised Penal Code

R.A. No. 10951

174. False medical certificates, false certificates of merits or service, etc. — The penalties of arresto mayor in its maximum period to prisión correccional in its minimum period and a fine not to exceed P1,000 pesos shall be imposed upon:

False medical certificates, false certificates of merits or service, etc. — The penalties of arresto mayor in its maximum period to prisión correccional in its minimum period and a fine not to exceed Two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000) shall be imposed upon: 1. Any physician or surgeon who, x x x. in connection, with the practice of his profession, shall issue a false certificate; and 2. Any public officer who shall issue a false certificate of merit of service, good conduct or similar circumstances. The penalty of arresto mayor shall be imposed upon any private person who shall falsify a certificate falling within the classes mentioned in the two (2) preceding subdivisions. Title Four CRIMES AGAINST PUBLIC INTEREST Chapter One FORGERIES

Section Six. — Manufacturing, importing and possession of instruments or implements intended for the commission of falsification. Art.

Revised Penal Code

R.A. No. 10951

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

176. Manufacturing and possession of instruments or implements for falsification. — The penalty of prisión correccional in its medium and maximum periods and a fine not to exceed P10,000 pesos shall be imposed upon any person who shall make or introduce into the Philippines any stamps, dies, marks, or other instruments or implements intended to be used in the commission of the offenses of counterfeiting or falsification mentioned in the preceding sections of this Chapter.

Manufacturing and possession of instruments or implements for falsification. — The penalty of prisión correccional in its medium and maximum periods and a fine not to exceed One million pesos (P1,000,000) x x x.

Any person who, with the intention of using them, shall have in his possession any of the instruments or implements mentioned in the preceding paragraphs, shall suffer the penalty next lower in degree than that provided therein. Title Four CRIMES AGAINST PUBLIC INTEREST Chapter Two OTHER FALSIFICATIONS Section One. — Usurpation of authority, rank, title, and improper use of names, uniforms and insignia. Art.

Revised Penal Code

178. Using fictitious name and concealing true name. — The penalty of arresto mayor and a fine not to exceed 500 pesos shall be imposed upon any person who shall publicly use a fictitious name for the purpose of concealing a crime, evading the execution of a judgment or causing damage. Any person who conceals his true name and other personal circumstances shall be punished by arresto menor or a fine not to exceed 200 pesos.

R.A. No. 10951 Using fictitious name and concealing true name. — The penalty of arresto mayor and a fine not to exceed One hundred thousand pesos (P100,000) shall be imposed upon any person who shall publicly use a fictitious name for the purpose of concealing a crime, evading the execution of a judgment or causing damage. Any person who conceals his true name and other personal circumstances shall be punished by arresto menor or a fine not to exceed Forty thousand pesos (P40,000).

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

Title Four CRIMES AGAINST PUBLIC INTEREST Chapter Two OTHER FALSIFICATIONS Section Two. — False testimony Art.

Revised Penal Code

180. False testimony against a defendant. — Any person who shall give false testimony against the defendant in any criminal case shall suffer:

R.A. No. 10951 False testimony against a defendant. — Any person who shall give false testimony against the defendant in any criminal case shall suffer:

1. The penalty of reclusión xxx xxx xxx xxx temporal, if the defendant in said case shall have been sentenced to In cases provided in subdivisions 3 death; and 4 of this article the offender shall further suffer a fine not to 2. The penalty of prisión mayor, if exceed Two hundred thousand the defendant shall have been pesos (P200,000). sentenced to reclusión temporal or reclusion perpetua; 3. The penalty of prisión correccional, if the defendant shall have been sentenced to any other afflictive penalty; and 4. The penalty of arresto mayor, if the defendant shall have been sentenced to a correctional penalty or a fine, or shall have been acquitted. In cases provided in subdivisions 3 and 4 of this article the offender shall further suffer a fine not to exceed 1,000 pesos. 181. False testimony favorable to the defendants. — Any person who shall give false testimony in favor of the defendant in a criminal case, shall suffer the penalties of arresto mayor in its maximum period to prisión correccional in its minimum period a fine not to exceed 1,000 pesos, if the prosecution is for a felony punishable by an afflictive penalty, and the penalty of arresto mayor in any other case.

False testimony favorable to the defendants. — Any person who shall give false testimony in favor of the defendant in a criminal case, shall suffer the penalties of arresto mayor in its maximum period to prisión correccional in its minimum period a fine not to exceed Two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000), if the prosecution is for a felony punishable by an afflictive penalty, and the penalty of arresto mayor in any other case.

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

182. False testimony in civil cases. — Any person found guilty of false testimony in a civil case shall suffer the penalty of prisión correccional in its minimum period and a fine not to exceed 6,000 pesos, if the amount in controversy shall exceed 5,000 pesos, and the penalty of arresto mayor in its maximum period to prisión correccional in its minimum period and a fine not to exceed 1,000 pesos, if the amount in controversy shall not exceed said amount or cannot be estimated.

False testimony in civil cases. — Any person found guilty of false testimony in a civil case shall suffer the penalty of prisión correccional in its minimum period and a fine not to exceed One million two hundred thousand pesos (P1,200,000), if the amount in controversy shall exceed One million pesos (P1,000,000), and the penalty of arresto mayor in its maximum period to prisión correccional in its minimum period and a fine not to exceed Two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000), if the amount in controversy shall not exceed said amount or cannot be estimated.

Title Four CRIMES AGAINST PUBLIC INTEREST Chapter Three FRAUDS Section Two. — Frauds in commerce and industry Art.

Revised Penal Code

187. Importation and disposition of falsely marked articles or merchandise made of gold, silver, or other precious metals or their alloys. — The penalty of prisión correccional or a fine ranging from 200 to 1,000 pesos, or both, shall be imposed on any person who shall knowingly import or sell or dispose of any article or merchandise made of gold, silver, or other precious metals, or their alloys, with stamps, brands, or marks which fail to indicate the actual fineness or quality of said metals or alloys. Any stamp, brand, label, or mark shall be deemed to fail to indicate the actual fineness of the article on which it is engraved, printed, stamped, labeled or attached, when the test of the article shows that the quality or fineness thereof is less by more than one-half karat, if made of gold, and less by more than four one-thousandth, if made of silver, than what is shown by said stamp, brand, label or mark. But in case of watch cases

R.A. No. 10951 Importation and disposition of falsely marked articles or merchandise made of gold, silver, or other precious metals or their alloys. — The penalty of prisión correccional or a fine ranging from Forty thousand pesos (P40,000) to Two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000), or both, shall be imposed on any person who shall knowingly import x x x.

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

and flatware made of gold, the actual fineness of such gold shall not be less by more than three onethousandth than the fineness indicated by said stamp, brand, label, or mark. Title Six CRIMES AGAINST PUBLIC MORALS Chapter Two OFFENSES AGAINST DECENCY AND GOOD CUSTOMS Art.

Revised Penal Code

201. Immoral doctrines, obscene publications and exhibitions and indecent shows. — The penalty of prisión mayor or a fine ranging from six thousand to twelve thousand pesos, or both such imprisonment and fine, shall be imposed upon: 1. Those who shall publicly expound or proclaim doctrines openly contrary to public morals; 2.a. the authors of obscene literature, published with their knowledge in any form; the editors publishing such literature; and the owners/operators of the establishment selling the same; b. Those who, in theaters, fairs, cinematographs or any other place, exhibit, indecent or immoral plays, scenes, acts or shows, whether live or in film, which are prescribed by virtue hereof, shall include those which (1) glorify criminals or condone crimes; (2) serve no other purpose but to satisfy the market for violence, lust or pornography; (3) offend any race or religion; (4) tend to abet traffic in and use of prohibited drugs; and (5) are contrary to law, public order, morals, and good customs, established policies, lawful orders, decrees and edicts; and 3. Those who shall sell, give away or exhibit films, prints, engravings, sculpture or literature which are offensive to morals. (As amended by PD Nos. 960 and 969).

R.A. No. 10951 Immoral doctrines, obscene publications and exhibitions and indecent shows. — The penalty of prisión mayor or a fine ranging from Twenty thousand pesos (P20,000) to Two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000), or both such imprisonment and fine, shall be imposed upon: x x x.

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

202. Prostitutes; Penalty. – For the purpose of this article, women who, for money or profit, habitually indulge in sexual intercourse or lascivious conduct, are deemed to be prostitutes. Any person found guilty of any of the offenses covered by this article shall be punished by arresto menor or a fine not exceeding 200 pesos, and in case of recidivism, by arresto mayor in its medium period to prisión correctional in its minimum period or a fine ranging from 200 to 2,000 pesos, or both, in the discretion of the court.

Prostitutes; Penalty. – x x x. Any person found guilty of any of the offenses covered by this article shall be punished by arresto menor or a fine not exceeding Twenty thousand pesos (P20,000), and in case of recidivism, by arresto mayor in its medium period to prisión correctional in its minimum period or a fine ranging from Twnety thousand pesos (P20,000) to Two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000), or both, in the discretion of the court.

Title Seven CRIMES COMMITTED BY PUBLIC OFFICERS Chapter Two MALFEASANCE AND MISFEASANCE IN OFFICE Section One. — Dereliction of duty Art.

Revised Penal Code

209. Betrayal of trust by an attorney or solicitor. — Revelation of secrets. — In addition to the proper administrative action, the penalty of prisión correccional in its minimum period, or a fine ranging from 200 to 1,000 pesos, or both, shall be imposed upon any attorney-at-law or solicitor (procurador judicial) who, by any malicious breach of professional duty or of inexcusable negligence or ignorance, shall prejudice his client, or reveal any of the secrets of the latter learned by him in his professional capacity.

R.A. No. 10951

Betrayal of trust by an attorney or solicitor. — Revelation of secrets. — In addition to the proper administrative action, the penalty of prisión correccional in its minimum period, or a fine ranging from Forty thousand (P40,000) to Two hundred thousand (P200,000), or both, shall be imposed upon any attorney-at-law or any person duly authorized to represent and/or assist a party to a case who, by any malicious breach of professional duty or of inexcusable negligence or ignorance, shall prejudice his client, or reveal any of the secrets The same penalty shall be imposed of the latter learned by him in his upon an attorney-at-law or professional capacity. solicitor (procurador judicial) who, having undertaken the The same penalty shall be imposed defense of a client or having upon an attorney-at-law or any received confidential information person duly authorized to from said client in a case, shall represent and/or assist a party undertake the defense of the to a case who, having undertaken opposing party in the same case, the defense of a client or having without the consent of his first received confidential information client. from said client in a case, shall undertake the defense of the opposing party in the same case, without the consent of his first

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

client. Title Seven CRIMES COMMITTED BY PUBLIC OFFICERS Chapter Three FRAUDS AND ILLEGAL EXACTIONS AND TRANSACTIONS Art.

Revised Penal Code

213. Frauds against the public treasury and similar offenses. — The penalty of prisión correccional in its medium period to prisión mayor in its minimum period, or a fine ranging from 200 to 10,000 pesos, or both, shall be imposed upon any public officer who: 1. In his official capacity, in dealing with any person with regard to furnishing supplies, the making of contracts, or the adjustment or settlement of accounts relating to public property or funds, shall enter into an agreement with any interested party or speculator or make use of any other scheme, to defraud the Government; 2. Being entrusted with the collection of taxes, licenses, fees and other imposts, shall be guilty of any of the following acts or omissions: (a) Demanding, directly, or indirectly, the payment of sums different from or larger than those authorized by law. (b) Failing voluntarily to issue a receipt, as provided by law, for any sum of money collected by him officially. (c) Collecting or receiving, directly or indirectly, by way of payment or otherwise things or objects of a nature different from that provided by law. When the culprit is an officer or employee of the Bureau of Internal Revenue or the Bureau of Customs, the provisions of the Administrative Code shall be applied.

R.A. No. 10951 Frauds against the public treasury and similar offenses. — The penalty of prisión correccional in its medium period to prisión mayor in its minimum period, or a fine ranging from Forty thousand (P40,000) to Two million pesos (P2,000,000), or both, shall be imposed upon any public officer who: x x x.

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

215. Prohibited transactions. — The penalty of prisión correccional in its minimum period or a fine ranging from 200 to 1,000 pesos, or both, shall be imposed upon any appointive public officer who, during his incumbency, shall directly or indirectly become interested in any transaction of exchange or speculation within the territory subject to his jurisdiction.

Prohibited transactions. — The penalty of prisión correccional in its minimum period or a fine ranging from Forty thousand (P40,000) to Two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000), or both, shall be imposed upon any appointive public officer who, x x x.

216. Possession of prohibited interest by a public officer. — The penalty of arresto mayor in its medium period to prision correcciónal in its minimum period, or a fine ranging from 200 to 1,000 pesos, or both, shall be imposed upon a public officer who directly or indirectly, shall become interested in any contract or business in which it is his official duty to intervene.

Possession of prohibited interest by a public officer. — The penalty of arresto mayor in its medium period to prisión correccional in its minimum period, or a fine ranging from Forty thousand (P40,000) to Two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000), or both, shall be imposed upon a public officer x x x.

This provisions is applicable to experts, arbitrators and private accountants who, in like manner, shall take part in any contract or transaction connected with the estate or property in appraisal, distribution or adjudication of which they shall have acted, and to the guardians and executors with respect to the property belonging to their wards or estate. Title Seven CRIMES COMMITTED BY PUBLIC OFFICERS Chapter Four MALVERSATION OF PUBLIC FUNDS OR PROPERTY 217. Malversation of public funds or property; Presumption of malversation. — Any public officer who, by reason of the duties of his office, is accountable for public funds or property, shall appropriate the same, or shall take or misappropriate or shall consent, through abandonment or negligence, shall permit any other person to take such public funds, or property, wholly or partially, or shall otherwise be guilty of the misappropriation or malversation of such funds or property, shall

Malversation of public funds or property; Presumption of malversation. — Any public officer who, by reason of the duties of his office, is accountable for public funds or property, shall appropriate the same, or shall take or misappropriate or shall consent, through abandonment or negligence, shall permit any other person to take such public funds or property, wholly or partially, or shall otherwise be guilty of the misappropriation or malversation of such funds or property, shall

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

suffer:

suffer:

1. The penalty of prisión correccional in its medium and maximum periods, if the amount involved in the misappropriation or malversation does not exceed two hundred pesos.

1. The penalty of prisión correccional in its medium and maximum periods, if the amount involved in the misappropriation or malversation does not exceed Forty thousand pesos (P40,000).

2. The penalty of prisión mayor in its minimum and medium periods, if the amount involved is more than two hundred pesos but does not exceed six thousand pesos.

2. The penalty of prisión mayor in its minimum and medium periods, if the amount involved is more than Forty thousand pesos (P40,000) but does not exceed One million two hundred thousand pesos 3. The penalty of prisión mayor in (P1,200,000). its maximum period to reclusión temporal in its minimum period, if 3. The penalty of prisión mayor in the amount involved is more than its maximum period to reclusión six thousand pesos but is less temporal in its minimum period, if than twelve thousand pesos. the amount involved is more than One million two hundred 4. The penalty of reclusion thousand pesos (P1,200,000) but temporal, in its medium and is less than Two million four maximum periods, if the amount hundred thousand pesos involved is more than twelve (P2,400,000). thousand pesos but is less than twenty-two thousand pesos. If 4. The penalty of reclusion the amount exceeds the latter, the temporal, in its medium and penalty shall be reclusion temporal maximum periods, if the amount in its maximum period to reclusión involved is more than Two million perpetua. four hundred thousand pesos (P2,400,000) but does not exceed In all cases, persons guilty of Four million four hundred malversation shall also suffer the thousand pesos (P4,400,000). If penalty of perpetual special the amount exceeds the latter, the disqualification and a fine equal to penalty shall be reclusion temporal the amount of the funds malversed in its maximum period to reclusión or equal to the total value of the perpetua. property embezzled. 5. The penalty of reclusion The failure of a public officer to temporal in the maximum have duly forthcoming any public period, if the amount involved is funds or property with which he is more than Four million four chargeable, upon demand by any hundred thousand pesos duly authorized officer, shall be (P4,400,000) but does not exceed prima facie evidence that he has Eight million eight hundred put such missing funds or property thousand pesos (P8,800,000). If to personal use. the amount exceeds the latter, the penalty shall be reclusion perpetua. In all cases, persons guilty of malversation shall also suffer the penalty of perpetual special disqualification and a fine equal to the amount of the funds malversed or equal to the total value of the property embezzled.

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

The failure of a public officer to have duly forthcoming any public funds or property with which he is chargeable, upon demand by any duly authorized officer, shall be prima facie evidence that he has put such missing funds or property to personal uses. 218. Failure of accountable officer to render accounts. — Any public officer, whether in the service or separated therefrom by resignation or any other cause, who is required by law or regulation to render account to the Insular Auditor, or to a provincial auditor and who fails to do so for a period of two months after such accounts should be rendered, shall be punished by prisión correccional in its minimum period, or by a fine ranging from 200 to 6,000 pesos, or both.

Failure of accountable officer to render accounts. — Any public officer, whether in the service or separated therefrom by resignation or any other cause, who is required by law or regulation to render account to the Commission on Audit, or to a provincial auditor and who fails to do so for a period of two months after such accounts should be rendered, shall be punished by prisión correccional in its minimum period, or by a fine ranging from Forty thousand pesos (P40,000) to One million two hundred thousand pesos (1,200,000), or both.

219. Failure of a responsible public officer to render accounts before leaving the country. — Any public officer who unlawfully leaves or attempts to leave the Philippine Islands without securing a certificate from the Insular Auditor showing that his accounts have been finally settled, shall be punished by arresto mayor, or a fine ranging from 200 to 1,000 pesos or both.

Failure of a responsible public officer to render accounts before leaving the country. — Any public officer who unlawfully leaves or attempts to leave the Philippine Islands without securing a certificate from the Commission on Audit showing that his accounts have been finally settled, shall be punished by arresto mayor, or a fine ranging from Forty thousand (P40,000) to Two hundred thousand (P200,000) pesos or both.

221. Failure to make delivery of public funds or property. — Any public officer under obligation to make payment from Government funds in his possession, who shall fail to make such payment, shall be punished by arresto mayor and a fine from 5 to 25 per cent of the sum which he failed to pay.

Failure to make delivery of public funds or property. — x x x x x x.

This provision shall apply to any public officer who, being ordered by competent authority to deliver any property in his custody or under his administration, shall

The fine shall be graduated in such case by the value of the thing, provided that it shall not less than Ten thousand pesos (P10,000).

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

refuse to make such delivery. The fine shall be graduated in such case by the value of the thing, provided that it shall not less than 50 pesos. Title Seven CRIMES COMMITTED BY PUBLIC OFFICERS Chapter Five INFIDELITY OF PUBLIC OFFICERS Section Two. — Infidelity in the custody of document 226. Removal, concealment or destruction of documents. — Any public officer who shall remove, destroy or conceal documents or papers officially entrusted to him, shall suffer:

Removal, concealment or destruction of documents. — Any public officer who shall remove, destroy or conceal documents or papers officially entrusted to him, shall suffer:

1. The penalty of prisión mayor and a fine not exceeding 1,000 pesos, whenever serious damage shall have been caused thereby to a third party or to the public interest.

1. The penalty of prisión mayor and a fine not exceeding two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000), whenever serious damage shall have been caused thereby to a third party or to the public interest.

2. The penalty of prisión correccional in its minimum and medium period and a fine not exceeding 1,000 pesos, whenever the damage to a third party or to the public interest shall not have been serious.

2. The penalty of prisión correccional in its minimum and medium period and a fine not exceeding two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000), whenever the damage to a third party or to the public interest shall not have been serious.

In either case, the additional penalty of temporary special disqualification in its maximum period to perpetual disqualification shall be imposed.

227. Officer breaking seal. — Any public officer charged with the custody of papers or property sealed by proper authority, who shall break the seals or permit them to be broken, shall suffer the penalties of prisión correccional in its minimum and medium periods, temporary special disqualification and a fine not exceeding 2,000 pesos.

In either case, the additional penalty of temporary special disqualification in its maximum period to perpetual disqualification shall be imposed. Officer breaking seal. — Any public officer charged with the custody of papers or property sealed by proper authority, who shall break the seals or permit them to be broken, shall suffer the penalties of prisión correccional in its minimum and medium periods, temporary special disqualification and a fine not exceeding Four hundred thousand pesos (P400,000).

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

228. Opening of closed documents. — Any public officer not included in the provisions of the next preceding article who, without proper authority, shall open or shall permit to be opened any closed papers, documents or objects entrusted to his custody, shall suffer the penalties or arresto mayor, temporary special disqualification and a fine of not exceeding 2,000 pesos.

Opening of closed documents. — Any public officer not included in the provisions of the next preceding article who, without proper authority, shall open or shall permit to be opened any closed papers, documents or objects entrusted to his custody, shall suffer the penalties or arresto mayor, temporary special disqualification and a fine of not exceeding Four hundred thousand pesos (P400,000).

Title Seven CRIMES COMMITTED BY PUBLIC OFFICERS Chapter Five INFIDELITY OF PUBLIC OFFICERS Section Three. — Revelation of secrets 229. Revelation of secrets by an officer. — Any public officer who shall reveal any secret known to him by reason of his official capacity, or shall wrongfully deliver papers or copies of papers of which he may have charge and which should not be published, shall suffer the penalties of prisión correccional in its medium and maximum periods, perpetual special disqualification and a fine not exceeding 2,000 pesos if the revelation of such secrets or the delivery of such papers shall have caused serious damage to the public interest; otherwise, the penalties of prisión correccional in its minimum period, temporary special disqualification and a fine not exceeding 50 pesos shall be imposed.

Revelation of secrets by an officer. — Any public officer who shall reveal any secret known to him by reason of his official capacity, or shall wrongfully deliver papers or copies of papers of which he may have charge and which should not be published, shall suffer the penalties of prisión correccional in its medium and maximum periods, perpetual special disqualification and a fine not exceeding Four hundred thousand pesos (P400,000) if the revelation of such secrets or the delivery of such papers shall have caused serious damage to the public interest; otherwise, the penalties of prisión correccional in its minimum period, temporary special disqualification and a fine not exceeding One hundred thousand pesos (P100,000) shall be imposed.

230. Public officer revealing secrets of private individual. — Any public officer to whom the secrets of any private individual shall become known by reason of his office who shall reveal such secrets, shall suffer the penalties of arresto mayor and a fine not exceeding two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000).

Public officer revealing secrets of private individual. — Any public officer to whom the secrets of any private individual shall become known by reason of his office who shall reveal such secrets, shall suffer the penalties of arresto mayor and a fine not exceeding two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000).

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

Title Seven CRIMES COMMITTED BY PUBLIC OFFICERS Chapter Six OTHER OFFENSES OR IRREGULARITIES BY PUBLIC OFFICERS Section One. — Disobedience, Refusal of Assistance and Maltreatment of Prisoners. 231. Open disobedience. — Any judicial or executive officer who shall openly refuse to execute the judgment, decision or order of any superior authority made within the scope of the jurisdiction of the latter and issued with all the legal formalities, shall suffer the penalties of arresto mayor in its medium period to prisión correccional in its minimum period, temporary special disqualification in its maximum period and a fine not exceeding 1,000 pesos.

Open disobedience. — Any judicial or executive officer who shall openly refuse to execute the judgment, decision or order of any superior authority made within the scope of the jurisdiction of the latter and issued with all the legal formalities, shall suffer the penalties of arresto mayor in its medium period to prisión correccional in its minimum period, temporary special disqualification in its maximum period and a fine not exceeding Two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000).

233. Refusal of assistance. — The penalties of arresto mayor in its medium period to prisión correccional in its minimum period, perpetual special disqualification and a fine not exceeding 1,000 pesos, shall be imposed upon a public officer who, upon demand from competent authority, shall fail to lend his cooperation towards the administration of justice or other public service, if such failure shall result in serious damage to the public interest, or to a third party; otherwise, arresto mayor in its medium and maximum periods and a fine not exceeding 500 pesos shall be imposed.

Refusal of assistance. — The penalties of arresto mayor in its medium period to prisión correccional in its minimum period, perpetual special disqualification and a fine not exceeding Two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000), shall be imposed upon a public officer who, upon demand from competent authority, shall fail to lend his cooperation towards the administration of justice or other public service, if such failure shall result in serious damage to the public interest, or to a third party; otherwise, arresto mayor in its medium and maximum periods and a fine not exceeding One hundred thousand pesos (P100,000) shall be imposed.

234. Refusal to discharge elective office. — The penalty of arresto mayor or a fine not exceeding 1,000 pesos, or both, shall be imposed upon any person who, having been elected by popular election to a public office, shall refuse without legal motive to be sworn in or to discharge the duties of said office.

Refusal to discharge elective office. — The penalty of arresto mayor or a fine not exceeding Two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000), or both, shall be imposed upon any person who, having been elected by popular election to a public office, shall refuse without legal motive to be sworn in or to discharge the duties of said office.

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

235. Maltreatment of prisoners. — The penalty of prisión correccional in its medium period to prisión correccional in its minimum period, in addition to his liability for the physical injuries or damage caused, shall be imposed upon any public officer or employee who shall overdo himself in the correction or handling of a prisoner or detention prisoner under his charge, by the imposition of punishments not authorized by the regulations, or by inflicting such punishments in a cruel and humiliating manner. If the purpose of the maltreatment is to extort a confession, or to obtain some information from the prisoner, the offender shall be punished by prisión mayor in its minimum period, temporary special disqualification and a fine not exceeding 500 pesos, in addition to his liability for the physical injuries or damage caused.

Maltreatment of prisoners. — The penalty of prisión correccional in its medium period to prisión correccional in its minimum period, in addition to his liability for the physical injuries or damage caused, shall be imposed upon any public officer or employee who shall overdo himself in the correction or handling of a prisoner or detention prisoner under his charge, by the imposition of punishments not authorized by the regulations, or by inflicting such punishments in a cruel and humiliating manner. If the purpose of the maltreatment is to extort a confession, or to obtain some information from the prisoner, the offender shall be punished by prisión mayor in its minimum period, temporary special disqualification and a fine not exceeding One hundred thousand pesos (P100,000), in addition to his liability for the physical injuries or damage caused.

Title Seven CRIMES COMMITTED BY PUBLIC OFFICERS Chapter Six OTHER OFFENSES OR IRREGULARITIES BY PUBLIC OFFICERS Section Two. — Anticipation, prolongation and abandonment of the duties and powers of public office. 236. Anticipation of duties of a public office. — Any person who shall assume the performance of the duties and powers of any public officer or employment without first being sworn in or having given the bond required by law, shall be suspended from such office or employment until he shall have complied with the respective formalities and shall be fined from 200 to 500 pesos.

Anticipation of duties of a public office. — Any person who shall assume the performance of the duties and powers of any public officer or employment without first being sworn in or having given the bond required by law, shall be suspended from such office or employment until he shall have complied with the respective formalities and shall be fined from Forty thousand pesos (P40,000) to Five hundred pesos (P500).

237. Prolonging performance of duties and powers. — Any public officer shall continue to exercise the duties and powers of his office, employment or commission, beyond the period provided by law,

Prolonging performance of duties and powers. — Any public officer shall continue to exercise the duties and powers of his office, employment or commission, beyond the period provided by law,

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

regulation or special provisions applicable to the case, shall suffer the penalties of prisióón correccional in its minimum period, special temporary disqualification in its minimum period and a fine not exceeding 500 pesos.

regulation or special provisions applicable to the case, shall suffer the penalties of prisióón correccional in its minimum period, special temporary disqualification in its minimum period and a fine not exceeding One hundred thousand pesos (P100,000).

Title Seven CRIMES COMMITTED BY PUBLIC OFFICERS Chapter Six OTHER OFFENSES OR IRREGULARITIES BY PUBLIC OFFICERS Section Three. — Usurpation of Powers and Unlawful Appointments. 239. Usurpation of legislative powers. — The penalties of prisión correccional in its minimum period, temporary special disqualification and a fine not exceeding 1,000 pesos, shall be imposed upon any public officer who shall encroach upon the powers of the legislative branch of the Government, either by making general rules or regulations beyond the scope of his authority, or by attempting to repeal a law or suspending the execution thereof.

Usurpation of legislative powers. — The penalties of prisión correccional in its minimum period, temporary special disqualification and a fine not exceeding Two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000), shall be imposed upon any public officer who shall encroach upon the powers of the legislative branch of the Government, either by making general rules or regulations beyond the scope of his authority, or by attempting to repeal a law or suspending the execution thereof.

242. Disobeying request for disqualification. — Any public officer who, before the question of jurisdiction is decided, shall continue any proceeding after having been lawfully required to refrain from so doing, shall be punished by arresto mayor and a fine not exceeding 500 pesos.

Disobeying request for disqualification. — Any public officer who, before the question of jurisdiction is decided, shall continue any proceeding after having been lawfully required to refrain from so doing, shall be punished by arresto mayor and a fine not exceeding One hundred thousand pesos (P100,000).

243. Orders or requests by executive officers to any judicial authority. — Any executive officer who shall address any order or suggestion to any judicial authority with respect to any case or business coming within the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of justice shall suffer the penalty of arresto mayor and a fine not exceeding 500 pesos.

Orders or requests by executive officers to any judicial authority. — Any executive officer who shall address any order or suggestion to any judicial authority with respect to any case or business coming within the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of justice shall suffer the penalty of arresto mayor and a fine not exceeding One hundred thousand pesos (P100,000).

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

244. Unlawful appointments. — Any public officer who shall knowingly nominate or appoint to any public office any person lacking the legal qualifications therefor, shall suffer the penalty of arresto mayor and a fine not exceeding 1,000 pesos.

Unlawful appointments. — Any public officer who shall knowingly nominate or appoint to any public office any person lacking the legal qualifications therefor, shall suffer the penalty of arresto mayor and a fine not exceeding Two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000).

Title Eight CRIMES AGAINST PERSONS Chapter One DESTRUCTION OF LIFE Section Two. — Infanticide and abortion. 259. Abortion practiced by a physician or midwife and dispensing of abortives. — The penalties provided in Article 256 shall be imposed in its maximum period, respectively, upon any physician or midwife who, taking advantage of their scientific knowledge or skill, shall cause an abortion or assist in causing the same.

Abortion practiced by a physician or midwife and dispensing of abortives. — The penalties provided in Article 256 shall be imposed in its maximum period, respectively, upon any physician or midwife who, taking advantage of their scientific knowledge or skill, shall cause an abortion or assist in causing the same.

Any pharmacist who, without the proper prescription from a physician, shall dispense any abortive shall suffer arresto mayor and a fine not exceeding 1,000 pesos.

Any pharmacist who, without the proper prescription from a physician, shall dispense any abortive shall suffer arresto mayor and a fine not exceeding One hundred thousand pesos (P100,000).

Title Eight CRIMES AGAINST PERSONS Chapter Two PHYSICAL INJURIES 265. Less serious physical injuries. — Any person who shall inflict upon another physical injuries not described in the preceding articles, but which shall incapacitate the offended party for labor for ten days or more, or shall require medical assistance for the same period, shall be guilty of less serious physical injuries and shall suffer the penalty of arresto mayor.

Less serious physical injuries. — Any person who shall inflict upon another physical injuries not described in the preceding articles, but which shall incapacitate the offended party for labor for ten days or more, or shall require medical assistance for the same period, shall be guilty of less serious physical injuries and shall suffer the penalty of arresto mayor.

Whenever less serious physical injuries shall have been inflicted with the manifest intent to insult or offend the injured person, or

Whenever less serious physical injuries shall have been inflicted with the manifest intent to insult or offend the injured person, or under

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under circumstances adding ignominy to the offense, in addition to the penalty of arresto mayor, a fine not exceeding 500 pesos shall be imposed.

circumstances adding ignominy to the offense, in addition to the penalty of arresto mayor, a fine not exceeding Fifty thousand pesos shall be imposed.

Any less serious physical injuries Any less serious physical injuries inflicted upon the offender's inflicted upon the offender's parents, ascendants, guardians, parents, x x x. curators, teachers, or persons of rank, or persons in authority, shall be punished by prisión correccional in its minimum and medium periods: Provided, That in the case of persons in authority, the deed does not constitute the crime of assault upon such person. 266. Slight physical injuries and Slight physical injuries and maltreatment. — The crime of slight maltreatment. — The crime of slight physical injuries shall be physical injuries shall be punished: punished: 1. By arresto menor when the 1. By arresto menor when the offender has inflicted physical offender has inflicted physical injuries which shall incapacitate injuries which shall incapacitate the offended party for labor from the offended party for labor from one (1) to nine (9) days, or shall one to nine days, or shall require require medical attendance during medical attendance during the the same period. same period. 2. By arresto menor or a fine not 2. By arresto menor or a fine not exceeding Forty thousand pesos exceeding 20 pesos and censure (P40,000) and censure when the when the offender has caused offender has caused physical physical injuries which do not injuries which do not prevent the prevent the offended party from offended party from engaging in his engaging in his habitual work nor habitual work nor require medical require medical assistance. assistance. 3. By arresto menor in its minimum period or a fine not exceeding 50 pesos when the offender shall illtreat another by deed without causing any injury.

3. By arresto menor in its minimum period or a fine not exceeding Five thousand pesos (P5,000) when the offender shall ill-treat another by deed without causing any injury.

Title Nine CRIMES AGAINST PERSONAL LIBERTY AND SECURITY Chapter One CRIMES AGAINST LIBERTY Section One. — Illegal Detention. 269. Unlawful arrest. — The penalty of arresto mayor and a fine not exceeding 500 pesos shall be imposed upon any person who, in any case other than those authorized by law, or without

Unlawful arrest. — The penalty of arresto mayor and a fine not exceeding One hundred thousand pesos (P100,000) shall be imposed upon any person who, in any case other than those authorized by law,

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

reasonable ground therefor, shall arrest or detain another for the purpose of delivering him to the proper authorities.

or without reasonable ground therefor, shall arrest or detain another for the purpose of delivering him to the proper authorities.

Title Nine CRIMES AGAINST PERSONAL LIBERTY AND SECURITY Chapter One CRIMES AGAINST LIBERTY Section Two. — Kidnapping of minors. 271. Inducing a minor to abandon his home. — The penalty of prisión correccional and a fine not exceeding seven hundred pesos shall be imposed upon anyone who shall induce a minor to abandon the home of his parents or guardians or the persons entrusted with his custody.

Inducing a minor to abandon his home. — The penalty of prisión correccional and a fine not exceeding One hundred pesos (P100,000) shall be imposed upon anyone who shall induce a minor to abandon the home of his parents or guardians or the persons entrusted with his custody. If the person committing any of the crimes covered by the two (2) preceding articles shall be the father or the mother of the minor, the penalty shall be arresto mayor or a fine not exceeding Forty thousand pesos (P40,000), or both.

Title Nine CRIMES AGAINST PERSONAL LIBERTY AND SECURITY Chapter Two CRIMES AGAINST SECURITY Section One. – Abandonment of Helpless Persons and Exploitation of Minors. 276. Abandoning a minor. — The penalty of arresto mayor and a fine not exceeding 500 pesos shall be imposed upon any one who shall abandon a child under seven (7) years of age, the custody of which is incumbent upon him. When the death of the minor shall result from such abandonment, the culprit shall be punished by prisión correccional in its medium and maximum periods; but if the life of the minor shall have been in danger only, the penalty shall be prisión correccional in its minimum and medium periods. The provisions contained in the

Abandoning a minor. — The penalty of arresto mayor and a fine not exceeding One hundred thousand pesos (P100,000) shall be imposed upon any one who shall abandon a child under seven (7) years of age, the custody of which is incumbent upon him. xxx

xxx

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two preceding paragraphs shall not prevent the imposition of the penalty provided for the act committed, when the same shall constitute a more serious offense.

277. Abandonment of minor by person entrusted with his custody; Indifference of parents. — The penalty of arresto mayor and a fine not exceeding 500 pesos shall be imposed upon anyone who, having charge of the rearing or education of a minor, shall deliver said minor to a public institution or other persons, without the consent of the one who entrusted such child to his care or in the absence of the latter, without the consent of the proper authorities.

Abandonment of minor by person entrusted with his custody; Indifference of parents. — The penalty of arresto mayor and a fine not exceeding one hundred thousand pesos (P100,000) shall be imposed upon anyone who, having charge of the rearing or education of a minor, shall deliver said minor to a public institution or other persons, without the consent of the one who entrusted such child to his care or in the absence of the latter, without the consent of the proper authorities.

The same penalty shall be imposed upon the parents who shall neglect The same penalty shall be imposed their children by not giving them upon the parents x x x. the education which their station in life requires and financial conditions permits. 278. Exploitation of Minors. — The penalty of prisión correccional in its minimum and medium periods and a fine not exceeding 500 pesos shall be imposed upon: 1. Any person who shall cause any boy or girl under sixteen (16) years of age to perform any dangerous feat of balancing, physical strength or contortion. 2. Any person who, being an acrobat, gymnast, rope-walker, diver, wild-animal tamer or circus manager or engaged in a similar calling, shall employ in exhibitions of these kinds of children under sixteen (16) years of age who are not his children or descendants. 3. Any person engaged in any of the callings enumerated in the next preceding paragraph who shall employ any descendant of his under twelve years of age in such dangerous exhibitions. 4.

Any

ascendant,

guardian,

Exploitation of Minors. — The penalty of prisión correccional in its minimum and medium periods and a fine not exceeding One hundred thousand pesos (P100,000) shall be imposed upon: 1. Any person who shall cause any boy or girl under sixteen (16) years of age to perform any dangerous feat of balancing, physical strength or contortion. xxx

xxx

xxx

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teacher or person entrusted in any capacity with the care of a child under sixteen (16) years of age, who shall deliver such child gratuitously to any person following any of the callings enumerated in paragraph 2 hereof, or to any habitual vagrant or beggar. If the delivery shall have been made in consideration of any price, compensation, or promise, the penalty shall in every case be imposed in its maximum period. In either case, the guardian or curator convicted shall also be removed from office as guardian or curator; and in the case of the parents of the child, they may be deprived, temporarily or perpetually, in the discretion of the court, of their parental authority. 5. Any person who shall induce any child under sixteen (16) years of age to abandon the home of its ascendants, guardians, curators or teachers to follow any person engaged in any of the callings mentioned in paragraph 2 hereof, or to accompany any habitual vagrant or beggar. Title Nine CRIMES AGAINST PERSONAL LIBERTY AND SECURITY Chapter One CRIMES AGAINST LIBERTY Section Two. — Trespass to dwelling. 280. Qualified trespass to dwelling. Any private person who shall enter the dwelling of another against the latter’s will, shall be punished by arresto mayor and a fine not exceeding 1,000 pesos. If the offense be committed by means of violence or intimidation, the penalty shall be prisión correccional in its medium and maximum periods and a fine not exceeding 1,000 pesos.

Qualified trespass to dwelling. Any private person who shall enter the dwelling of another against the latter’s will, shall be punished by arresto mayor and a fine not exceeding Two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000).

If the offense be committed by means of violence or intimidation, the penalty shall be prisión correccional in its medium and maximum periods and a fine not exceeding Two hundred thousand The provisions of this article shall pesos (P200,000). not be applicable to any person who shall enter another’s dwelling The provisions of this article shall

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for the purpose of preventing some serious harm to himself, the occupants of the dwelling or a third person, nor shall it be applicable to any person who shall enter a dwelling for the purpose of rendering some service to humanity or justice, nor to anyone who shall enter cafés, taverns, inns and other public houses, while the same are open.

not be applicable to any person who shall enter another’s dwelling for the purpose of preventing some serious harm to himself, x x x .

Title Nine CRIMES AGAINST PERSONAL LIBERTY AND SECURITY Chapter One CRIMES AGAINST LIBERTY Section Three. – Threats and Coercion 282. Grave Threats. — Any person who shall threaten another with the infliction upon the person, honor or property of the latter or of his family of any wrong amounting to a crime, shall suffer: 1. The penalty next lower in degree than that prescribed by law for the crime he threatened to commit, if the offender shall have made the threat demanding money or imposing any other condition, even though not unlawful, and said offender shall have attained his purpose. If the offender shall not have attained his purpose, the penalty lower by two degrees shall be imposed.

Grave Threats. — Any person who shall threaten another with the infliction upon the person, honor or property of the latter or of his family of any wrong amounting to a crime, shall suffer: xxx

xxx

2. The penalty of arresto mayor and a fine not exceeding One hundred thousand pesos (P100,000), if the threat shall not have been made subject to a condition.

If the threat be made in writing or through a middleman, the penalty shall be imposed in its maximum period. 2. The penalty of arresto mayor and a fine not exceeding 500 pesos, if the threat shall not have been made subject to a condition. 285. Other Light Threats. — The penalty of arresto menor in its minimum period or a fine not exceeding 200 pesos shall be imposed upon:

Other Light Threats. — The penalty of arresto menor in its minimum period or a fine not exceeding Forty thousand pesos (P40,000) shall be imposed upon:

1. Any person who, without being included in the provisions of the 1. Any person who, without being next preceding article, shall included in the provisions of the threaten another with a weapon, or next preceding article, shall

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

draw such weapon in a quarrel, threaten another with a weapon, or unless it be in lawful self-defense. draw such weapon in a quarrel, unless it be in lawful self-defense. 2. Any person who, in the heat of anger, shall orally threaten another 2. Any person who, in the heat of with some harm not constituting a anger, shall orally threaten another crime, and who by subsequent acts with some harm not constituting a shows that he did not persist in crime, and who by subsequent acts the idea involved in his threat: shows that he did not persist in the Provided, That the circumstances idea involved in his threat: of the offense shall not bring it Provided, That the circumstances within the provisions of article 282 of the offense shall not bring it of this Code. within the provisions of article 282 of this Code. 3. Any person who shall orally threaten to do another any harm 3. Any person who shall orally not constituting a felony. threaten to do another any harm not constituting a felony. 286. Grave Coercions. — The penalty of prision correccional and a fine not exceeding Six thousand pesos shall be imposed upon any person who, without authority of law, shall, by means of violence, threats, or intimidation, prevent another from doing something not prohibited by law, or compel him to do something against his will, whether it be right or wrong.

Grave Coercions. — The penalty of prision correccional and a fine not exceeding One hundred thousand pesos (P100,000) shall be imposed upon any person who, without authority of law, shall, by means of violence, threats, or intimidation, prevent another from doing something not prohibited by law, or compel him to do something against his will, whether it be right or wrong.

If the coercion be committed in violation of the exercise of the right If the coercion be committed in of suffrage, or for the purpose of violation of the exercise of the right compelling another to perform any of suffrage, x x x. religious act or to prevent him from exercising such right or from doing such act, the penalty next higher in degree shall be imposed. 287. Light Coercions. — Any person who, by means of violence, shall seize anything belonging to his debtor for the purpose of applying the same to the payment of the debt, shall suffer the penalty of arresto mayor in its minimum period and a fine equivalent to the value of the thing, but in no case less than 75 pesos.

Light Coercions. — Any person who, by means of violence, shall seize anything belonging to his debtor for the purpose of applying the same to the payment of the debt, shall suffer the penalty of arresto mayor in its minimum period and a fine equivalent to the value of the thing, but in no case less than Fifteen thousand pesos (P15,000).

Any other coercions or unjust vexations shall be punished by arresto menor or a fine ranging from 5 to 200 pesos, or both.

Any other coercions or unjust vexations shall be punished by arresto menor or a fine ranging from One thousand pesos (P1,000) to not more than Forty thousand pesos (40,000), or both.

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288. Other Similar Coercions; (Compulsory Purchase of Merchandise and Payment of Wages by Means of Tokens). — The penalty of arresto mayor or a fine ranging from 200 to 500 pesos, or both, shall be imposed upon any person, agent or officer of any association or corporation who shall force or compel, directly or indirectly, or shall knowingly permit any laborer or employee employed by him or by such firm or corporation to be forced or compelled, to purchase merchandise or commodities of any kind.

Other Similar Coercions; (Compulsory Purchase of Merchandise and Payment of Wages by Means of Tokens). — The penalty of arresto mayor or a fine ranging from Forty Thousand pesos (P40,000) to One hundred thousand pesos (P100,000), or both, shall be imposed upon any person, agent or officer of any association or corporation who shall force or compel, directly or indirectly, or shall knowingly permit any laborer or employee employed by him or by such firm or corporation to be forced or compelled, to purchase merchandise or commodities of any The same penalties shall be kind. imposed upon any person who shall pay the wages due a laborer The same penalties shall be or employee employed by him, by imposed upon any person who means of tokens or objects other shall pay x x x. than the legal tender currency of the Philippines, unless expressly requested by the laborer or employee.

289. Formation, Maintenance and Prohibition of Combination of Capital or Labor Through Violence or Threats. — The penalty of arresto mayor and a fine not exceeding 300 pesos shall be imposed upon any person who, for the purpose of organizing, maintaining or preventing coalitions of capital or labor, strike of laborers or lock-out of employees, shall employ violence or threats in such a degree as to compel or force the laborers or employees in the free and legal exercise of their industry or work, if the act shall not constitute a more serious offense in accordance with the provisions of this Code.

Formation, Maintenance and Prohibition of Combination of Capital or Labor Through Violence or Threats. — The penalty of arresto mayor and a fine not exceeding Sixty Thousand Pesos (P60,000) shall be imposed upon any person who, for the purpose of organizing, maintaining or preventing coalitions of capital or labor, strike of laborers or lock-out of employees, shall employ violence or threats in such a degree as to compel or force the laborers or employees in the free and legal exercise of their industry or work, if the act shall not constitute a more serious offense in accordance with the provisions of this Code.

Title Nine CRIMES AGAINST PERSONAL LIBERTY AND SECURITY Chapter Three DISCOVERY AND REVELATION OF SECRETS 290. Discovering Secrets Through Seizure Discovering Secrets Through Seizure of Correspondence. — The penalty of Correspondence. — The penalty of prisión correccional in its of prisión correccional in its

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

minimum and medium periods and a fine not exceeding 500 pesos shall be imposed upon any private individual who in order to discover secrets of another, shall seize his papers or letters and reveal the contents thereof.

minimum and medium periods and a fine not exceeding One hundred thousand pesos (P100,000) shall be imposed upon any private individual who in order to discover secrets of another, shall seize his papers or letters and reveal the contents thereof.

If the offender shall not reveal such secrets, the penalty shall be arresto If the offender shall not reveal such mayor and a fine not exceeding secrets, the penalty shall be arresto 500 pesos. mayor and a fine not exceeding One hundred thousand pesos This provision shall not be (P100,000). applicable to parents, guardians, or persons entrusted with the This provision shall not be custody of minors with respect to applicable to parents, guardians, or the papers or letters of the children x x x. or minors placed under their care or custody, nor to spouses with respect to the papers or letters of either of them. 291. Revealing Secrets With Abuse of Office. — The penalty of arresto mayor and a fine not exceeding 500 pesos shall be imposed upon any manager, employee, or servant who, in such capacity, shall learn the secrets of his principal or master and shall reveal such secrets.

Revealing Secrets With Abuse of Office. — The penalty of arresto mayor and a fine not exceeding One hundred thousand pesos (P100,000) shall be imposed upon any manager, employee, or servant who, in such capacity, shall learn the secrets of his principal or master and shall reveal such secrets.

292. Revelation of Industrial Secrets. — The penalty of prisión correccional in its minimum and medium periods and a fine not exceeding 500 pesos shall be imposed upon the person in charge, employee or workman of any manufacturing or industrial establishment who, to the prejudice of the owner thereof, shall reveal the secrets of the industry of the latter.

Revelation of Industrial Secrets. — The penalty of prisión correccional in its minimum and medium periods and a fine not exceeding One hundred thousand pesos (P100,000) shall be imposed upon the person in charge, employee or workman of any manufacturing or industrial establishment who, to the prejudice of the owner thereof, shall reveal the secrets of the industry of the latter.

Title Ten CRIMES AGAINST PROPERTY Chapter One ROBBERY IN GENERAL Section Two. – Robbery by the Use of Force Upon Things 299. Robbery in an Inhabited House or Robbery in an Inhabited House or Public Building or Edifice Devoted to Public Building or Edifice Devoted to

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

Worship. — Any armed person who shall commit robbery in an inhabited house or public building or edifice devoted to religious worship, shall be punished by reclusión temporal, if the value of the property taken shall exceed 250 pesos, and if —

Worship. — Any armed person who shall commit robbery in an inhabited house or public building or edifice devoted to religious worship, shall be punished by reclusión temporal, if the value of the property taken shall exceed Fifty thousand pesos (P50,000), and if —

(a) The malefactors shall enter the house or building in which the xxx xxx robbery was committed, by any of the following means: (b) The robbery be committed under any of the following 1. Through an opening not circumstances: intended for entrance or egress; 1. By the breaking of doors, 2. By breaking any wall, roof, or wardrobes, chests, or any other floor or breaking any door or kind of locked or sealed furniture window; or receptacle; 3. By using false keys, picklocks or 2. By taking such furniture or similar tools; objects away to be broken or forced open outside the place of the 4. By using any fictitious name or robbery. pretending the exercise of public authority; When the offenders do not carry arms, and the value of the property or if — taken exceeds Fifty thousand pesos (P50,000), the penalty next (b) The robbery be committed lower in degree shall be imposed. under any of the following circumstances: The same rule shall be applied when the offenders are armed, but 1. By the breaking of doors, the value of the property taken wardrobes, chests, or any other does not exceed Fifty thousand kind of locked or sealed furniture pesos (P50,000). or receptacle; When said offenders do not carry 2. By taking such furniture or arms and the value of the property objects away to be broken or forced taken does not exceed Fifty open outside the place of the thousand pesos (P50,000), they robbery. shall suffer the penalty prescribed in the two (2) next preceding When the offenders do not carry paragraphs, in its minimum period. arms, and the value of the property taken exceeds 250 pesos, the If the robbery be committed in one penalty next lower in degree shall of the dependencies x x x. be imposed. The same rule shall be applied when the offenders are armed, but the value of the property taken does not exceed 250 pesos. When said offenders do not carry arms and the value of the property taken does not exceed 250 pesos, they shall suffer the penalty prescribed in the two (2) next

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

preceding paragraphs, minimum period.

in

its

If the robbery be committed in one of the dependencies of an inhabited house, public building, or building dedicated to religious worship, the penalties next lower in degree than those prescribed in this article shall be imposed. 302. Robbery in an Uninhabited Place or in a Private Building. — Any robbery committed in an uninhabited place or in a building other than those mentioned in the first paragraph of article 299, if the value of the property taken exceeds 250 pesos, shall be punished by prisión correccional in its medium and maximum periods provided that any of the following circumstances is present:

Robbery in an Uninhabited Place or in a Private Building. — Any robbery committed in an uninhabited place or in a building other than those mentioned in the first paragraph of article 299, if the value of the property taken exceeds Fifty thousand pesos (P50,000), shall be punished by prisión correccional in its medium and maximum periods provided that any of the following circumstances is present:

1. If the entrance has been effected through any opening not intended 1. If the entrance has been effected for entrance or egress. through any opening not intended for entrance or egress. 2. If any wall, roof, floor or outside door or window has been broken. xxx xxx When the value of the property 3. If the entrance has been effected taken does not exceed Fifty through the use of false keys, thousand pesos (P50,000), the picklocks or other similar tools. penalty next lower in degree shall be imposed. 4. If any door, wardrobe, chest, or any sealed or closed furniture or In the cases specified in articles receptacle has been broken. 294, 295, 297, 299, 300, and 302 of this Code, when the property 5. If any closed or sealed taken is mail matter or x x x. receptacle, as mentioned in the preceding paragraph, has been removed, even if the same be broken open elsewhere. When the value of the property taken does not exceed 250 pesos, the penalty next lower in degree shall be imposed. In the cases specified in articles 294, 295, 297, 299, 300, and 302 of this Code, when the property taken is mail matter or large cattle, the offender shall suffer the penalties next higher in degree than those provided in said articles.

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

Title Ten CRIMES AGAINST PROPERTY Chapter Three THEFT 309. Penalties. — Any person guilty of Penalties. — Any person guilty of theft shall be punished by: theft shall be punished by: 1. The penalty of prisión mayor in its minimum and medium periods, if the value of the thing stolen is more than 12,000 pesos but does not exceed 22,000 pesos; but if the value of the thing stolen exceeds the latter amount, the penalty shall be the maximum period of the one prescribed in this paragraph, and one year for each additional ten thousand pesos, but the total of the penalty which may be imposed shall not exceed twenty (20) years. In such cases, and in connection with the accessory penalties which may be imposed and for the purpose of the other provisions of this Code, the penalty shall be termed prisión mayor or reclusión temporal, as the case may be.

1. The penalty of prisión mayor in its minimum and medium periods, if the value of the thing stolen is more than One million two hundred thousand pesos (P1,200,000) but does not exceed Two million two hundred thousand pesos (P2,200,000); but if the value of the thing stolen exceeds the latter amount, the penalty shall be the maximum period of the one prescribed in this paragraph, and one year for each additional One million pesos (P1,000,00), but the total of the penalty which may be imposed shall not exceed twenty (20) years. In such cases, and in connection with the accessory penalties which may be imposed and for the purpose of the other provisions of this Code, the penalty shall be 2. The penalty of prisión termed prisión mayor or reclusión correccional in its medium and temporal, as the case may be. maximum periods, if the value of the thing stolen is more than 2. The penalty of prisión 6,000 pesos but does not exceed correccional in its medium and 12,000 pesos. maximum periods, if the value of the thing stolen is more than Six 3. The penalty of prisión hundred thousand pesos correccional in its minimum and (P600,000) but does not exceed million two hundred medium periods, if the value of the One property stolen is more than 200 thousand pesos (P1,200,00). pesos but does not exceed 6,000 pesos. 3. The penalty of prisión correccional in its minimum and 4. Arresto mayor in its medium medium periods, if the value of the period to prisión correccional in its property stolen is more than minimum period, if the value of the Twenty thousand pesos (P20,000) property stolen is over 50 pesos but does not exceed Six hundred but does not exceed 200 pesos. thousand pesos (P600,000). 5. Arresto mayor to its full extent, if 4. Arresto mayor in its medium such value is over 5 pesos but period to prisión correccional in its does not exceed 50 pesos. minimum period, if the value of the property stolen is over Five 6. Arresto mayor in its minimum thousand pesos (P5,000) but does and medium periods, if such value not exceed Twenty thousand does not exceed 5 pesos. pesos (P20,000).

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

7. Arresto menor or a fine not exceeding 200 pesos, if the theft is committed under the circumstances enumerated in paragraph 3 of the next preceding article and the value of the thing stolen does not exceed 5 pesos. If such value exceeds said amount, the provisions of any of the five preceding subdivisions shall be made applicable. 8. Arresto menor in its minimum period or a fine not exceeding 50 pesos, when the value of the thing stolen is not over 5 pesos, and the offender shall have acted under the impulse of hunger, poverty, or the difficulty of earning a livelihood for the support of himself or his family.

5. Arresto mayor to its full extent, if such value is over Five hundred pesos (P500) but does not exceed Five thousand pesos (P5,000). 6. Arresto mayor in its minimum and medium periods, if such value does not exceed Five hundred pesos (P500). 7. Arresto menor or a fine not exceeding Twenty thousand pesos (P20,000), if the theft is committed under the circumstances enumerated in paragraph 3 of the next preceding article and the value of the thing stolen does not exceed Five hundred pesos (P500). If such value exceeds said amount, the provisions of any of the five preceding subdivisions shall be made applicable. 8. Arresto menor in its minimum period or a fine not exceeding Five thousand pesos (P5,000), when the value of the thing stolen is not over Five hundred pesos (P500), and the offender shall have acted under the impulse of hunger, poverty, or the difficulty of earning a livelihood for the support of himself or his family.

311. Theft of the Property of the National Library and National Museum. — If the property stolen be any property of the National Library or of the National Museum, the penalty shall be arresto mayor or a fine ranging from 200 to 500 pesos, or both, unless a higher penalty should be provided under other provisions of this Code, in which case, the offender shall be punished by such higher penalty.

Theft of the Property of the National Library and National Museum. — If the property stolen be any property of the National Library or of the National Museum, the penalty shall be arresto mayor or a fine ranging from Forty thousand pesos (P40,000) to One hundred thousand pesos (P100,000), or both, unless a higher penalty should be provided under other provisions of this Code, in which case, the offender shall be punished by such higher penalty.

Title Ten CRIMES AGAINST PROPERTY Chapter Four USURPATION 312. Occupation of Real Property or Occupation of Real Property or Usurpation of Real Rights in Usurpation of Real Rights in Property. — Any person who, by Property. — Any person who, by

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

means of violence against or intimidation of persons, shall take possession of any real property or shall usurp any real rights in property belonging to another, in addition to the penalty incurred for the acts of violence executed by him, shall be punished by a fine of from fifty (50) to one hundred (100) per centum of the gain which he shall have obtained, but not less than 75 pesos.

means of violence against or intimidation of persons, shall take possession of any real property or shall usurp any real rights in property belonging to another, in addition to the penalty incurred for the acts of violence executed by him, shall be punished by a fine of from fifty (50) to one hundred (100) per centum of the gain which he shall have obtained, but not less than Fifteen thousand (P15,000) pesos.

If the value of the gain cannot be ascertained, a fine of from 200 to If the value of the gain cannot be 500 pesos shall be imposed. ascertained, a fine of from Forty thousand pesos (P40,000) to One hundred thousand pesos (P100,000) shall be imposed. 313. Altering Boundaries or Landmarks. — Any person who shall alter the boundary marks or monuments of towns, provinces, or estates, or any other marks intended to designate the boundaries of the same, shall be punished by arresto menor or a fine not exceeding 100 pesos, or both.

Altering Boundaries or Landmarks. — Any person who shall alter the boundary marks or monuments of towns, provinces, or estates, or any other marks intended to designate the boundaries of the same, shall be punished by arresto menor or a fine not exceeding Twenty thousand (P20,000)pesos, or both.

Title Ten CRIMES AGAINST PROPERTY Chapter Six SWINDLING AND OTHER DECEITS 315. Swindling (Estafa). — Any person who shall defraud another by any of the means mentioned hereinbelow shall be punished by:

Swindling (Estafa). — Any person who shall defraud another by any of the means mentioned hereinbelow shall be punished by:

1st. The penalty of prisión correccional in its maximum period to prisión mayor in its minimum period, if the amount of the fraud is over 12,000 pesos but does not exceed 22,000 pesos, and if such amount exceeds the latter sum, the penalty provided in this paragraph shall be imposed in its maximum period, adding one year for each additional 10,000 pesos; but the total penalty which may be imposed shall not exceed twenty years. In such cases, and in connection with the accessory penalties which may be imposed and for the purpose of the other

1st. The penalty of prisión correccional in its maximum period to prisión mayor in its minimum period, if the amount of the fraud is over Two million four hundred thousand pesos (P2,400,000) but does not exceed Four million four hundred thousand pesos (P4,400,000), and if such amount exceeds the latter sum, the penalty provided in this paragraph shall be imposed in its maximum period, adding one year for each additional Two million pesos (P2,000,00); but the total penalty which may be imposed shall not exceed twenty years. In such cases, and in

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

provisions of this Code, the penalty shall be termed prisión mayor or reclusión temporal, as the case may be.

connection with the accessory penalties which may be imposed and for the purpose of the other provisions of this Code, the penalty shall be termed prisión mayor or 2nd. The penalty of prisión reclusión temporal, as the case may correccional in its minimum and be. medium periods, if the amount of the fraud is over 6,000 pesos but 2nd. The penalty of prisión does not exceed 12,000 pesos. correccional in its minimum and medium periods, if the amount of 3rd. The penalty of arresto mayor the fraud is over One million two in its maximum period to prisión hundred thousand pesos correccional in its minimum period, (P1,200,000) but does not exceed if such amount is over 200 pesos Two million four hundred but does not exceed 6,000 pesos; thousand pesos (P2,400,000). and 3rd. The penalty of arresto mayor 4th. By arresto mayor in its in its maximum period to prisión medium and maximum periods, if correccional in its minimum period, such amount does not exceed 200 if such amount is over Forty pesos, provided that in the four thousand pesos (P40,000) but cases mentioned, the fraud be does not exceed One million two committed by any of the following hundred thousand pesos means: (P1,200,000); and 1. With unfaithfulness or abuse of 4th. By arresto mayor in its confidence, namely: medium and maximum periods, if such amount does not exceed (a) By altering the substance, Forty thousand pesos (P40,000), quantity, or quality of anything of provided that in the four cases value which the offender shall mentioned, the fraud be committed deliver by virtue of an obligation to by any of the following means: do so, even though such obligation be based on an immoral or illegal 1. With unfaithfulness or abuse of consideration. confidence, namely: (b) By misappropriating or converting, to the prejudice of another, money, goods, or any other personal property received by the offender in trust or on commission, or for administration, or under any other obligation involving the duty to make delivery of or to return the same, even though such obligation be totally or partially guaranteed by a bond; or by denying having received such money, goods, or other property. (c) By taking undue advantage of the signature of the offended party in blank, and by writing any document above such signature in blank, to the prejudice of the offended party or any third person.

(a) By altering the substance, quantity, or quality of anything of value which the offender shall deliver by virtue of an obligation to do so, even though such obligation be based on an immoral or illegal consideration. (b) By misappropriating or converting, to the prejudice of another, money, goods, or any other personal property received by the offender in trust or on commission, or for administration, or under any other obligation involving the duty to make delivery of or to return the same, even though such obligation be totally or partially guaranteed by a bond; or by denying having received such money, goods, or other property.

2. By means of any of the following false pretenses or fraudulent acts (c) By taking undue advantage of

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

executed prior to or simultaneously the signature of the offended party with the commission of the fraud: in blank, and by writing any document above such signature in (a) By using fictitious name, or blank, to the prejudice of the falsely pretending to possess offended party or any third person. power, influence, qualifications, property, credit, agency, business 2. By means of any of the following or imaginary transactions, or by false pretenses or fraudulent acts means of other similar deceits. executed prior to or simultaneously with the commission of the fraud: (b) By altering the quality, fineness or weight of anything pertaining to (a) By using fictitious name, or his art or business. falsely pretending to possess power, influence, qualifications, (c) By pretending to have bribed property, credit, agency, business any Government employee, without or imaginary transactions, or by prejudice to the action for calumny means of other similar deceits. which the offended party may deem proper to bring against the (b) By altering the quality, fineness offender. In this case, the offender or weight of anything pertaining to shall be punished by the maximum his art or business. period of the penalty. (c) By pretending to have bribed (d) By post-dating a check, or any Government employee, without issuing such check in payment of prejudice to the action for calumny an obligation, when the offender which the offended party may deem had no funds in the bank, or his proper to bring against the funds deposited therein were not offender. In this case, the offender sufficient to cover the amount of shall be punished by the maximum the check. The failure of the period of the penalty. drawer of the check to deposit the amount necessary to cover his (d) By post-dating a check, or check within three (3) days from issuing such check in payment of receipt of notice from the bank an obligation, when the offender and/or payee or holder that said had no funds in the bank, or his check has been dishonored for lack funds deposited therein were not or insufficiency of funds shall be sufficient to cover the amount of prima facie evidence of deceit the check. The failure of the constituting false pretense or drawer of the check to deposit the fraudulent act. amount necessary to cover his check within three (3) days from (e) By obtaining any food, receipt of notice from the bank refreshment or accommodation and/or payee or holder that said at a hotel, inn, restaurant, check has been dishonored for lack boarding house, lodging house, or insufficiency of funds shall be or apartment house and the like prima facie evidence of deceit without paying therefor, with constituting false pretense or intent to defraud the proprietor fraudulent act. or manager thereof, or by obtaining credit at a hotel, inn, Any person who shall defraud restaurant, boarding house, another by means of false lodging house, or apartment pretenses or fraudulent acts as house by the use of any false defined in paragraph 2(d) hereof pretense, or by abandoning or shall be punished by: surreptitiously removing any part of his baggage from a hotel, 1st. The penalty of reclusión inn, restaurant, boarding house, temporal in its maximum, if the lodging house, or apartment amount of fraud is over Four house after obtaining credit, million four hundred thousand food, refreshment, or pesos (P4,400,000) but does not

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

accommodation therein without exceed Eight million eight paying for his food, refreshment, hundred thousand pesos or accommodation. (P8,800,000). If the amount exceeds the latter, the penalty 3. Through any of the following shall be reclusión perpetua. fraudulent means: 2nd. The penalty of reclusión (a) By inducing another, by means temporal in its minimum and of deceit, to sign any document. medium periods, if the amount of fraud is over Two million four (b) By resorting to some fraudulent hundred thousand (P2,400,000) practice to insure success in a but does not exceed Four million gambling game. for hundred thousand pesos (P4,400,000). (c) By removing, concealing or destroying, in whole or in part, any 3rd. The penalty of prisión court record, office files, document mayor in its maximum period, if or any other papers. the amount of fraud is over One million two hundred thousand pesos (P1,200,000) but does not exceed Two million four hundred thousand pesos (P2,400,00). 4th. The penalty of prisión mayor in its medium period, if such amount is over Forty thousand pesos (P40,000) but does not exceed One million two hundred thousand pesos (P1,200,000). 5th. By prisión mayor in its minimum period, if such amount does not exceed Forty thousand pesos (P40,000). 3. Through any of the following fraudulent means: (a) By inducing another, by means of deceit, to sign any document. (b) By resorting to some fraudulent practice to insure success in a gambling game. (c) By removing, concealing or destroying, in whole or in part, any court record, office files, document or any other papers. 318. Other Deceits. — The penalty of arresto mayor and a fine of not less than the amount of the damage caused and not more than twice such amount shall be imposed upon any person who shall defraud or damage another by any other deceit not mentioned in the

Other Deceits. — The penalty of arresto mayor and a fine of not less than the amount of the damage caused and not more than twice such amount shall be imposed upon any person who shall defraud or damage another by any other deceit not mentioned in the

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

preceding articles of this Chapter.

preceding articles of this Chapter.

Any person who, for profit or gain, shall interpret dreams, make forecasts, tell fortunes, or take advantage of the credulity of the public in any other similar manner, shall suffer the penalty of arresto menor or a fine not exceeding 200 pesos.

Any person who, for profit or gain, shall interpret dreams, make forecasts, tell fortunes, or take advantage of the credulity of the public in any other similar manner, shall suffer the penalty of arresto mayor or a fine not exceeding Forty thousand pesos (P40,000).

Title Ten CRIMES AGAINST PROPERTY Chapter Nine MALICIOUS MISCHIEF 328. Special Cases of Malicious Mischief. — Any person who shall cause damage to obstruct the performance of public functions, or using any poisonous or corrosive substance; or spreading any infection or contagion among cattle; or who causes damage to the property of the National Museum or National Library, or to any archive or registry, waterworks, road, promenade, or any other thing used in common by the public, shall be punished:

Special Cases of Malicious Mischief. — Any person who shall cause damage to obstruct the performance of public functions, or using any poisonous or corrosive substance; or spreading any infection or contagion among cattle; or who causes damage to the property of the National Museum or National Library, or to any archive or registry, waterworks, road, promenade, or any other thing used in common by the public, shall be punished:

1. By prisión correccional in its minimum and medium periods, if the value of the damage caused exceeds 1,000 pesos;

1. By prisión correccional in its minimum and medium periods, if the value of the damage caused exceeds Two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000);

2. By arresto mayor, if such value does not exceed the 2. By arresto mayor, if such value abovementioned amount but is does not exceed the over 200 pesos; and abovementioned amount but is over Forty thousand pesos 3. By arresto menor, if such value (P40,000); and does not exceed 200 pesos. 3. By arresto menor, if such value does not exceed Forty thousand pesos (P40,000). 329. Other Mischiefs. — The mischiefs Other Mischiefs. — The mischiefs not included in the next preceding not included in the next preceding article shall be punished: article shall be punished: 1. By arresto mayor in its medium and maximum periods, if the value of the damage caused exceeds 1,000 pesos; 2.

By

arresto

mayor

in

its

1. By arresto mayor in its medium and maximum periods, if the value of the damage caused exceeds Two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000);

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

minimum and medium periods, if 2. By arresto mayor in its minimum such value is over 200 pesos but and medium periods, if such value does not exceed 1,000 pesos; and is over Forty thousand pesos (P40,000) but does not exceed Two 3. By arresto menor or fine of not hundred thousand pesos less than the value of the damage (P200,000); and caused and not more than 200 pesos, if the amount involved does 3. By arresto menor or fine of not not exceed 200 pesos or cannot be less than the value of the damage estimated. caused and not more than Forty thousand pesos (P40,000), if the amount involved does not exceed Forty thousand pesos (P40,000) or cannot be estimated. 331. Destroying or Damaging Statues, Public Monuments or Paintings. — Any person who shall destroy or damage statues or any other useful or ornamental public monument, shall suffer the penalty of arresto mayor in its medium period to prisión correccional in its minimum period.

Destroying or Damaging Statues, Public Monuments or Paintings. — Any person who shall destroy or damage statues or any other useful or ornamental public monument, shall suffer the penalty of arresto mayor in its medium period to prisión correccional in its minimum period.

Any person who shall destroy or damage any useful or ornamental painting of a public nature shall suffer the penalty of arresto menor or a fine not exceeding 200 pesos, or both such fine and imprisonment, in the discretion of the court.

Any person who shall destroy or damage any useful or ornamental painting of a public nature shall suffer the penalty of arresto menor or a fine not exceeding 200 pesos, or both such fine and imprisonment, in the discretion of the court.

Title Twelve CRIMES AGAINST THE CIVIL STATUS OF PERSONS Chapter One SIMULATION OF BIRTHS AND USURPATION OF CIVIL STATUS 347. Simulation of Births, Substitution of One Child for Another and Concealment or Abandonment of a Legitimate Child. — The simulation of births and the substitution of one child for another shall be punished by prisión mayor and a fine of not exceeding 1,000 pesos. The same penalties shall be imposed upon any person who shall conceal or abandon any legitimate child with intent to cause such child to lose its civil status.

Simulation of Births, Substitution of One Child for Another and Concealment or Abandonment of a Legitimate Child. — The simulation of births and the substitution of one child for another shall be punished by prisión mayor and a fine of not exceeding Two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000). The same penalties shall be imposed upon any person who shall conceal or abandon any legitimate child with intent to cause such child to lose its civil status.

Any physician or surgeon or public Any physician or surgeon or public officer who, in violation of the officer who, in violation of the

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

duties of his profession or office, shall cooperate in the execution of any of the crimes mentioned in the two (2) next preceding paragraphs, shall suffer the penalties therein prescribed and also the penalty of temporary special disqualification.

duties of his profession or office, shall cooperate in the execution of any of the crimes mentioned in the two (2) next preceding paragraphs, shall suffer the penalties therein prescribed and also the penalty of temporary special disqualification.

Title Thirteen CRIMES AGAINST HONOR Chapter One LIBEL Section One. – Definitions, Forms and Punishment of this Crime 355. Libel by Means of Writing or Similar Means. — A libel committed by means of writing, printing, lithography, engraving, radio, phonograph, painting, theatrical exhibition, cinematographic exhibition, or any similar means, shall be punished by prisión correccional in its minimum and medium periods or a fine ranging from 200 to 6,000 pesos, or both, in addition to the civil action which may be brought by the offended party.

Libel by Means of Writing or Similar Means. — A libel committed by means of writing, printing, lithography, engraving, radio, phonograph, painting, theatrical exhibition, cinematographic exhibition, or any similar means, shall be punished by prisión correccional in its minimum and medium periods or a fine ranging from Forty thousand pesos (P40,000) to One million two hundred thousand pesos (P1,200,000), or both, in addition to the civil action which may be brought by the offended party.

356. Threatening to Publish and Offer to Prevent Such Publication for a Compensation. — The penalty of arresto mayor or a fine of from 200 to 2,000 pesos, or both, shall be imposed upon any person who threatens another to publish a libel concerning him or the parents, spouse, child, or other members of the family of the latter, or upon anyone who shall offer to prevent the publication of such libel for a compensation or money consideration.

Threatening to Publish and Offer to Prevent Such Publication for a Compensation. — The penalty of arresto mayor or a fine of from Forty thousand pesos (P40,000) to Four hundred thousand pesos (P400,000), or both, shall be imposed upon any person who threatens another to publish a libel concerning him or the parents, spouse, child, or other members of the family of the latter, or upon anyone who shall offer to prevent the publication of such libel for a compensation or money consideration.

357. Prohibited Publication of Acts Referred to in the Course of Official Proceedings. — The penalty of arresto mayor or a fine of from 200 to 2,000 pesos, or both, shall be imposed upon any reporter, editor or manager of a newspaper, daily or magazine, who shall publish

Prohibited Publication of Acts Referred to in the Course of Official Proceedings. — The penalty of arresto mayor or a fine of from Forty thousand pesos (P40,000) to Two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000), or both, shall be imposed upon any reporter, editor

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

facts connected with the private life of another and offensive to the honor, virtue and reputation of said person, even though said publication be made in connection with or under the pretext that it is necessary in the narration of any judicial or administrative proceedings wherein such facts have been mentioned.

or manager of a newspaper, daily or magazine, who shall publish facts connected with the private life of another and offensive to the honor, virtue and reputation of said person, even though said publication be made in connection with or under the pretext that it is necessary in the narration of any judicial or administrative proceedings wherein such facts have been mentioned.

358. Slander. — Oral defamation shall be punished by arresto mayor in its maximum period to prisión correccional in its minimum period if it is of a serious and insulting nature; otherwise the penalty shall be arresto menor or a fine not exceeding 200 pesos.

Slander. — Oral defamation shall be punished by arresto mayor in its maximum period to prisión correccional in its minimum period if it is of a serious and insulting nature; otherwise the penalty shall be arresto menor or a fine not exceeding Twenty thousand pesos.

359. Slander by Deed. — The penalty of arresto mayor in its maximum period to prisión correccional in its minimum period or a fine ranging from 200 to 1,000 pesos shall be imposed upon any person who shall perform any act not included and punished in this title, which shall cast dishonor, discredit or contempt upon another person. If said act is not of a serious nature, the penalty shall be arresto menor or a fine not exceeding 200 pesos.

Slander by Deed. — The penalty of arresto mayor in its maximum period to prisión correccional in its minimum period or a fine ranging from Twenty thousand pesos (P20,000) to One hundred thousand pesos (P100,000) shall be imposed upon any person who shall perform any act not included and punished in this title, which shall cast dishonor, discredit or contempt upon another person. If said act is not of a serious nature, the penalty shall be arresto menor or a fine not exceeding Twenty thousand pesos (P20,000).

Title Thirteen CRIMES AGAINST HONOR Chapter Two INCRIMINATORY MACHINATIONS 364. Intriguing Against Honor. — The penalty of arresto menor or fine not exceeding 200 pesos shall be imposed for any intrigue which has for its principal purpose to blemish the honor or reputation of a person.

Intriguing Against Honor. — The penalty of arresto menor or fine not exceeding Twenty thousand pesos (P20,000) shall be imposed for any intrigue which has for its principal purpose to blemish the honor or reputation of a person.

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

Title Fourteen QUASI OFFENSES Sole Chapter CRIMINAL NEGLIGENCE 365. Imprudence and Negligence. — Any person who, by reckless imprudence, shall commit any act which, had it been intentional, would constitute a grave felony, shall suffer the penalty of arresto mayor in its maximum period to prisión correccional in its medium period; if it would have constituted a less grave felony, the penalty of arresto mayor in its minimum and medium periods shall be imposed.

Imprudence and Negligence. — Any person who, by reckless imprudence, shall commit any act which, had it been intentional, would constitute a grave felony, shall suffer the penalty of arresto mayor in its maximum period to prisión correccional in its medium period; if it would have constituted a less grave felony, the penalty of arresto mayor in its minimum and medium periods shall be imposed.

Any person who, by simple imprudence or negligence, shall commit an act which would otherwise constitute a grave felony, shall suffer the penalty of arresto mayor in its medium and maximum periods; if it would have constituted a less serious felony, the penalty of arresto mayor in its minimum period shall be imposed.

Any person who, by simple imprudence or negligence, shall commit an act which would otherwise constitute a grave felony, shall suffer the penalty of arresto mayor in its medium and maximum periods; if it would have constituted a less serious felony, the penalty of arresto mayor in its minimum period shall be imposed.

When the execution of the act covered by this article shall have only resulted in damage to the property of another, the offender shall be punished by a fine ranging from an amount equal to the value of said damages to three (3) times such value, but which shall in no case be less than 25 pesos.

When the execution of the act covered by this article shall have only resulted in damage to the property of another, the offender shall be punished by a fine ranging from an amount equal to the value of said damages to three (3) times such value, but which shall in no case be less than Five thousand pesos (P5,000).

A fine not exceeding 200 pesos and censure shall be imposed upon any person who, by simple imprudence or negligence, shall cause some wrong which, if done maliciously, would have constituted a light felony.

A fine not exceeding Forty thousand pesos (P40,000) and censure shall be imposed upon any person who, by simple imprudence or negligence, shall cause some wrong which, if done maliciously, would have constituted a light In the imposition of these felony. penalties, the court shall exercise their sound discretion, without In the imposition of these penalties, regard to the rules prescribed in the court shall exercise their sound article 64. discretion, without regard to the rules prescribed in article 64. The provisions contained in this article shall not be applicable: The provisions contained in this article shall not be applicable: 1. When the penalty provided for the offense is equal to or lower 1. When the penalty provided for

Comparative Table of Provisions amended by R.A. 10951

than those provided in the first two (2) paragraphs of this article, in which case the court shall impose the penalty next lower in degree than that which should be imposed, in the period which they may deem proper to apply. 2. When, by imprudence or negligence and with violation of the Automobile Law, the death of a person shall be caused, in which case the defendant shall be punished by prisión correccional in its medium and maximum periods. Reckless imprudence consists in voluntary, but without malice, doing or falling to do an act from which material damage results by reason of inexcusable lack of precaution on the part of the person performing or failing to perform such act, taking into consideration his employment or occupation, degree of intelligence, physical condition and other circumstances regarding persons, time and place. Simple imprudence consists in the lack of precaution displayed in those cases in which the damage impending to be caused is not immediate nor the danger clearly manifest. The penalty next higher in degree to those provided for in this article shall be imposed upon the offender who fails to lend on the spot to the injured parties such help as may be in his hands to give.

the offense is equal to or lower than those provided in the first two (2) paragraphs of this article, in which case the court shall impose the penalty next lower in degree than that which should be imposed, in the period which they may deem proper to apply. 2. When, by imprudence or negligence and with violation of the Automobile Law, the death of a person shall be caused, in which case the defendant shall be punished by prisión correccional in its medium and maximum periods. Reckless imprudence consists in voluntary, but without malice, doing or falling to do an act from which material damage results by reason of inexcusable lack of precaution on the part of the person performing or failing to perform such act, taking into consideration his employment or occupation, degree of intelligence, physical condition and other circumstances regarding persons, time and place. Simple imprudence consists in the lack of precaution displayed in those cases in which the damage impending to be caused is not immediate nor the danger clearly manifest. The penalty next higher in degree to those provided for in this article shall be imposed upon the offender who fails to lend on the spot to the injured parties such help as may be in his hands to give.

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